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Diabetic complications, including retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy and cataracts, are the leading causes of death in diabetics. Also, an increasing population of diabetic patients has triggered the increasing publicity for treatments and prevention of diabetic complications throughout the world. There are direct evidences indicating the relevance of(More)
To isolate pharmacologically safe compounds that can induce apoptosis of tumor cells, leaves of an aromatic plant (Zanthoxylum schinifolium), which are widely used as a food flavor and herbal medicine in Korea and Japan, were sequentially extracted by organic solvents. An apoptogenic ingredient in the methylene chloride extract was further purified by(More)
Ten of 17 muscle biopsy specimens from 15 patients with childhood dermatomyositis (DM) showed distinct perifascicular atrophy. The atrophic fibers showed the following characteristics: (1) decreased cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) activity, (2) rare positive reaction with acridine orange (AO) staining, (3) type 2C reaction in 7.9% (0.4-17.5%) of the fibers, (4)(More)
Bone homeostasis is maintained by a balance between bone resorption by osteoclasts and bone formation by osteoblasts. Osteoporosis occurs when osteoclast activity surpasses osteoblast activity. Pro-inflammatory cytokines stimulate osteoclast differentiation and activity by increasing production of macrophage-colony stimulating factor and receptor activator(More)
Activity-directed isolation of the methylene chloride fraction of the roots of Rubia cordifolia L. resulted in the identification of a new epoxymollugin (3) and eight known compounds (1, 2, 4-9). The structures of the compounds were elucidated from chemical and spectroscopic evidence. In addition, their topoisomerase I and II inhibitory activities and(More)
Four new lanostane triterpenes, butyl lucidenate P (1), butyl lucidenate D(2) (2), butyl lucidenate E(2) (3) and butyl lucidenate Q (4) along with 11 known compounds (5-15) were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum. Their chemical structures were established mainly by 1D and 2D NMR techniques and mass spectrometry. Their anti-inflammatory(More)
One new stilbene glucoside (6), along with five known compounds (1-5), were isolated from the roots of Polygonum multiflorum Thumb., and their chemical structures established based on physicochemical and spectroscopic data. Of the compounds, compound 3 showed DNA topoisomerase I and II inhibitory activities.
Activity-directed isolation of the ethyl acetate, methylene chloride and n-hexane fractions of Gloiopeltis furcata resulted in the isolation of 18 compounds. Their structures were elucidated as 2-(3-hydroxy-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-3-yl)acetic acid (1), glutaric acid (2), succinic acid (3), nicotinic acid (4), (E)-4-hydroxyhex-2-enoic acid (5), cholesterol (6),(More)
The chemical characterization of Selaginella tamariscina leaves resulted in the isolation of five lignanoside derivatives (1-4 and 6) and one neolignan (5). These compounds include three new lignanosides, tamariscinosides D-F (1-3), and one liriodendrin (4) that were isolated for the first time from this plant, together with two known compounds,(More)
A novel and two known bioactive mono-tetrahydrofuran (THF) annonaceous acetogenins, annomocherin (1), annonacin (2) and annomontacin (3), have been isolated from the fractionated ethanolic extracts of the seeds of Annona cherimolia, guided by the brine shrimp lethality test (BST). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical(More)