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Two new caffeoylglycerols, (hwanggeumchal A-B, 9-10), together with eight known derivatives (1-8) were isolated from the grains of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench var. hwanggeumchal. Their chemical structures were established mainly by 1D and 2D NMR techniques and MS data analysis. Amongst those, methyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (2), 3,4,5-trihydroxycinnamate (3),(More)
Shaking rat Kawasaki (SRK), a newly discovered neurological mutant rat in the Wistar strain, is described. The abnormalities of SRK rats are transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. The neurological signs are shaking of the body and an ataxic-paretic gait from day 10 postnatal. The affected rats survive for about 1 month. Macroscopically, the cerebellum(More)
As part of an ongoing search for new antidiabetic agents from medicinal plants, the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Selaginella tamariscina was found to possess stimulatory effect on glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocyte cells. Thus, bioassay-guided isolation of this active extract yielded two new compounds (1 and 2) along with five known biflavonoids(More)
As part of an ongoing search for new antidiabetic agents from medicinal plants, three new (2, 4, and 5) and two known selaginellin derivatives (1 and 3) were isolated from a methanol extract of Selaginella tamariscina. The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic data analysis. All isolates showed strong glucose uptake stimulatory(More)
Longicin [1] and (2,4-cis and trans)-goniothalamicinone [2], two new monotetrahydrofuran Annonaceous acetogenins, have been isolated from the leaves and twigs of Asimina longifolia (the long leaf paw paw) by the use of the brine shrimp lethality test for bioactivity-directed fractionation. The structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic and chemical(More)
Three anthraquinones (1, 2 and 4), three stilbenes (5, 6 and 7) and 3,5-dihydroxybenzyl alcohol (3) were isolated from Reynoutria japonica. Their structures were identified as emodin (1), emodin-8-O-β-D-glucoside (2), 3,5-dihydroxybenzyl alcohol (3), citreorosein (4), cis-resveratrol (5), trans-resveratrol (6) and trans-resveratrol-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(More)
Activity-directed isolation of the methylene chloride fraction of the roots of Rubia cordifolia L. resulted in the identification of a new epoxymollugin (3) and eight known compounds (1, 2, 4-9). The structures of the compounds were elucidated from chemical and spectroscopic evidence. In addition, their topoisomerase I and II inhibitory activities and(More)
Seven known triterpene glycosides, 23-O-acetylshengmanol 3-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside (1), 23-O-acetylshengmanol 3-O-β-D-xylopyranoside (2), 24-epi-24-O-acetylhydroshengmanol 3-O-β-D-xylopyranoside (3), cimiaceroside B (4), (23R,24S)-cimigenol 3-O-β-D-xylopyranoside (5), (23R,24R)-25-O-acetylcimigenol 3-O-β-D-xylopyranoside (6) and(More)
Two new benzofurans, 1-furan-2-yl-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanone (1) and 5-(4-hydroxybenzyloxymethyl)-furan-2-carbaldehyde (2), together with five known compounds, 4-hydroxybenzyl methyl ether (3), 5-(hydroxymethyl)-furfural (4), gastrodin (5), beta-sitosterol (6) and beta-sitosterol glucoside (7) were isolated from the rhizome of Gastrodia elata Blume. In(More)