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Sera from 295 horses in the USA were examined by an indirect immunofluorescence assay and Western blot assays to determine the prevalence of Borna disease virus infection. Eight (2.7 per cent) of the samples were positive in both assays, and 18 (6.1 per cent) were positive only in the Western blot assay. The indirect fluorescence titres ranged from 1:20 to(More)
The rabbit-adapted Borna disease (BD) virus strain V was passaged by intracerebral infection of 1-day-old Wistar rats. Infectivity titres reached 10(8) infectious units per gram of brain 4 weeks after infection. No clinical signs were evident. The persistent infection could be induced with adapted or field strains of BD virus. Strains were identified by(More)
The in vitro biological activities of several rabies virus-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were compared with their ability to prevent a lethal rabies virus encephalomyelitis. The protective activity of a particular mAb in vivo did not correlate with its virus-neutralizing activity in vitro; rather it was related to the mAb's ability to inhibit(More)
Borna disease virus has been adapted to the mouse, which required at least three passages in rat brains. Genetic specificity as studied with five inbred mouse strains was not evident. Newborn mice inoculated intracerebrally expressed antigen in neurons and remained persistently infected, with up to 10(7) infectious units per gram of brain tissue. Animals(More)
Borna disease (BD) virus, a still unclassified neurotropic agent, causes either fatal encephalomyelitis or persistent asymptomatic infection in a variety of animal species. We monitored the neuronal functions of intracerebrally infected but healthy rats with three types of learning experiments. Spatial discrimination learning, using the y maze and the hole(More)
We have used the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction technique to gain insight into the pathogenesis of encephalitis caused by Borna disease virus (BDV). RNA specific for BDV was first detected in the olfactory bulb of intranasally infected rats at 6 days postinfection (p.i.). At 14 days p.i., high levels of BDV RNA were found in all brain(More)
We investigated the signaling pathway of the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) on HO23 cells (immortalized human granulosa cells (hGC)) mediated by benzyl butyl-phthalate (BBP). BBP (1 μM) significantly increased the mRNA and protein levels of AhR, aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) and cytochrome-P450 (CYP)1B1 in HO23 cells. Treatment with(More)
Borna disease (BD) virus is a partially characterized neurotropic agent with a predilection for neurons and astrocytes in the limbic system and cerebrum of infected hosts. Although it usually causes a fatal encephalitis, some laboratory animals which have been experimentally inoculated can develop a persistent non-fatal infection characterized by a(More)
In this survey article on Borna Disease-many years after the review of Zwick (1939)-again a modern comprehensive summary of "Borna Disease virus infection" is given. The infection occurs in horses and sheep, furthermore, in laboratory animal species inoculated experimentally; its clinical, virological and neuropathological features have been described in(More)
BACKGROUND Rabies and Borna disease viruses have been regarded as classical neurotropic agents. Many pathogenetic similarities are shared by these two negative strand RNA viruses. In view of recently gained data on the virology and pathology of these two diseases, and up-to-date comparative pathogenetic study seems to be justified. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)