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Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) plays a central role in cellular adaptation to changes in oxygen availability. Recently, prolyl hydroxylation was identified as a key regulatory event that targets the HIF-1alpha subunit for proteasomal degradation via the pVHL ubiquitination complex. In this report, we reveal an important function for ARD1 in mammalian(More)
Hypoxia is a well-known signal for angiogenesis, but the recent proposal that hypoxia exists in developing embryonic tissues and that it induces vascular development remains to be proven. In the present study, we demonstrate the presence of hypoxia in normal developing embryos by means of a hypoxia marker, pimonidazole, and its associated antibody. Our data(More)
D-raf, a Drosophila homolog of Raf-1, plays key roles in multiple signal transduction pathways. Dsor1, a putative factor downstream of D-raf, was genetically identified by screening of dominant suppressors of D-raf. Dsor1Su1 mapped on X chromosome significantly suppressed the D-raf mutant phenotypes, and the loss-of-function mutations of Dsor1 showed(More)
The purpose of this paper was to characterize cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes involved in N-dealkylation of a new oral erectogenic, DA-8159 to DA-8164, a major circulating active metabolite, in human liver microsomes and to investigate the inhibitory potential of DA-8159 on CYP enzymes. CYP3A4 was identified as the major enzyme responsible for DA-8159(More)
One of the potential causes of age-related neuronal damage can be reactive oxygen species (ROS), as the brain is particularly sensitive to oxidative damage. In the present study, we investigated the effects of aging and dietary restriction (DR) on ROS generation, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant enzymes in cerebrum, hippocampus, and cerebellum of 6-,(More)
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) has been identified as the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-dependent IGF-binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) protease produced by human fibroblasts. Recently, we found that serum proteases induced during human pregnancy cleaved IGFBP-4 in both an IGF-II-dependent and an IGF-II-independent fashion. This study sought to(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX) attenuate various neuronal injuries and age-dependent demented conditions. From these findings, we proposed to test the effect of age on COX activity and its possible suppression by the antiaging action of dietary restriction in the rat brain. The status of reactive oxygen species(More)
Upon exposure to elevated temperatures, mammalian cells increase the expression of the heat shock proteins (HSP) through activation of the heat shock factor 1 (HSF1). Since most transcription factors require coactivators for efficient transcriptional activity, we tried to identify the coactivator(s) that interacts with and modulates the activities of HSF1.(More)
Somatic reversion of strains with the ivory (wi) allele, a mutation associated with a tandem duplication of a DNA sequence at the white locus, increased with the age of larvae at the time of X-irradiation as expected from the increase in the number of target cells. In contrast, two independently isolated strains with unstable w+ loci associated with(More)
DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) is composed of a 460-kDa catalytic subunit and the regulatory subunits Ku70 and Ku80. The complex is activated on DNA damage and plays an essential role in double-strand-break repair and V(D)J recombination. In addition, DNA-PK is involved in S-phase checkpoint arrest following irradiation, although its role in(More)