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Integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) plays a critical role in platelet function, promoting a broad range of functional responses including platelet adhesion, spreading, aggregation, clot retraction, and platelet procoagulant function. Signaling events operating downstream of this receptor (outside-in signaling) are important for these responses; however the(More)
Disturbances of blood flow at sites of atherosclerotic plaque rupture are one of the key pathogenic events promoting platelet activation and arterial thrombus formation. Shear effects of platelets have been extensively investigated in vitro; however, the mechanisms by which shear promotes platelet aggregation in vivo remain incompletely understood. By(More)
The adhesion and aggregation of platelets at sites of vascular injury is dependent on the initial binding of the GP Ib/V/IX receptor complex to immobilized von Willebrand factor (VWF). Under flow conditions, this interaction supports platelet translocation that is characteristically stop-start in nature. High resolution imaging of platelets during surface(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases play an important role in regulating the adhesive function of a variety of cell types through affinity modulation of integrins. Two type I PI 3-kinase isoforms (p110 beta and p110 gamma) have been implicated in G(i)-dependent integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) regulation in platelets, however, the mechanisms by which they coordinate(More)
Alternatively activated M2 macrophages are implicated as both regulators and agents of lung disease, but their control is poorly understood. SHIP-1 is a 5' inositol phosphatase that negatively regulates the PI3K signaling pathway implicated in inflammation. SHIP-1-deficient mice have defects in hematopoiesis and B cell development, and die prematurely due(More)
Although great progress has been made in delineating lung dendritic cell and lymphocyte subpopulations, similar advances in lung macrophages (MΦs) have been hampered by their intrinsic autofluorescence, cell plasticity, and the complexities of monocyte-MΦ compartmentalization. Using spectral scanning, we define alveolar MΦ autofluorescence characteristics,(More)
OBJECTIVE The platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib/V/IX complex plays an important role in regulating the morphology of resting platelets and can induce shape change during adhesion to immobilized von Willebrand factor (vWf). In this study we have examined the effects of fluid shear stress on GPIb-dependent changes in platelet morphology during translocation on(More)
Lyn kinase, a member of the Src family of tyrosine kinases, functions as both a positive and negative regulator of B cell activation. In the absence of Lyn, BCR signaling is unregulated, leading to perturbed B cell development, hyperactive B cells, and lethal Ab-mediated autoimmune disease. We have generated a mutant mouse pedigree, termed Mld4, harboring a(More)
In a recessive ENU mutagenesis screen for embryonic lethality, we identified a mouse pedigree with a missense mutation of SHIP1 (SHIP1(el20)) leading to an amino acid substitution I641T in the inositol-5'-phosphatase domain that represses phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signaling. Despite detectable expression of functional SHIP1 protein, the phenotype of(More)
Ab-mediated autoimmune disease is multifaceted and may involve many susceptibility loci. The majority of autoimmune patients are thought to have polymorphisms in a number of genes that interact in different combinations to contribute to disease pathogenesis. Studies in mice and humans have implicated the Lyn protein tyrosine kinase as a regulator of(More)