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PURPOSE Primitive quiescent chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells are biologically resistant to imatinib mesylate, an inhibitor of the p210(BCR-ABL) kinase. The present study was designed to investigate whether either continuous or intermittent exposure of these cells to granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) in vitro can overcome this limitation to(More)
Dasatinib (BMS-354825), a novel dual SRC/BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor, exhibits greater potency than imatinib mesylate (IM) and inhibits the majority of kinase mutations in IM-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We have previously demonstrated that IM reversibly blocks proliferation but does not induce apoptosis of primitive CML cells. Here, we have(More)
The histone methyltransferase Enhancer of Zeste Homologue 2 (EZH2), a component of the polycomb group complex, is vital for stem cell development, including hematopoiesis. Its primary function, to deposit the histone mark H3K27me3, promotes transcriptional repression. The activity of EZH2 influences cell fate regulation, namely the balance between(More)
Inhibition of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase with imatinib represents a major breakthrough in the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, resistance to imatinib develops frequently, particularly in late-stage disease. To identify new cellular BCR-ABL downstream targets, we analyzed differences in global protein expression in(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a hematopoietic stem-cell disorder, cannot be eradicated by conventional chemotherapy or the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (IM). To target CML stem/progenitor cells, we investigated BMS-214662, a cytotoxic farnesyltransferase inhibitor, previously reported to kill nonproliferating tumor cells. IM or dasatinib(More)
Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are effective in inducing remissions in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients but do not eliminate primitive CML hematopoietic cells. There is a need to identify mechanisms that contribute to retention of CML progenitors. Src family tyrosine kinases have been identified as potential mediators of Bcr-Abl-induced(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is initiated and maintained by the tyrosine kinase BCR-ABL which activates a number of signal transduction pathways, including PI3K/AKT signaling and consequently inactivates FOXO transcription factors. ABL-specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) induce minimal apoptosis in CML progenitor cells, yet exert potent(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that human cancers develop through a step-wise, but nonlinear process of cellular diversification and evolution. Recent mutational analyses indicate that this process is more complex and diverse than anticipated before whole-genome sequencing methods were readily available. Examples are also emerging now of genetically(More)
The stem cell paradigm was first demonstrated in hematopoietic stem cells. Whilst classically it was cytokines and chemokines which were believed to control stem cell fate, more recently it has become apparent that the stem cell niche and highly conserved embryonic pathways play a key role in governing stem cell behavior. One of these pathways, the hedgehog(More)