Mhairi Copland

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Dasatinib (BMS-354825), a novel dual SRC/BCR-ABL kinase inhibitor, exhibits greater potency than imatinib mesylate (IM) and inhibits the majority of kinase mutations in IM-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We have previously demonstrated that IM reversibly blocks proliferation but does not induce apoptosis of primitive CML cells. Here, we have(More)
The cancer stem cell (CSC) concept has important therapeutic implications, but its investigation has been hampered both by a lack of consistency in the terms used for these cells and by how they are defined. Evidence of their heterogeneous origins, frequencies and their genomic, as well as their phenotypic and functional, properties has added to the(More)
A blinded prospective study was performed to determine whether screening of whole blood using a real-time, panfungal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique could predict the development of invasive fungal infection (IFI) in immunocompromised haemato-oncology patients. In all, 78 patients (125 treatment episodes) were screened twice weekly by real-time(More)
Homologous recombination repair (HRR) protects cells from the lethal effect of spontaneous and therapy-induced DNA double-stand breaks. HRR usually depends on BRCA1/2-RAD51, and RAD52-RAD51 serves as back-up. To target HRR in tumor cells, a phenomenon called "synthetic lethality" was applied, which relies on the addiction of cancer cells to a single DNA(More)
Prospective identification of patients whose chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) will progress to blast crisis is currently not possible. PP2A is a phosphatase and tumor suppressor that regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Cancerous inhibitor of PP2A (CIP2A) is a recently described inhibitor of PP2A in breast and gastric cancer. The aim(More)
The mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) consists of protein complexes I, II, III, IV and V that support oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), which depends on electron transport to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Electron "leakage" from the MRC generates reactive oxygen species (ROS). Chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) stem cells(More)
Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are effective in inducing remissions in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients but do not eliminate primitive CML hematopoietic cells. There is a need to identify mechanisms that contribute to retention of CML progenitors. Src family tyrosine kinases have been identified as potential mediators of Bcr-Abl-induced(More)
Chemotherapy causes neutropenia and an increased susceptibility to infection. Recent reports indicate that mannan-binding lectin (MBL) insufficiency is associated with an increased duration of febrile neutropenia and incidence of serious infections following chemotherapy for haematological malignancies. We aimed to confirm or refute this finding and to(More)
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) stem cells are not dependent on BCR-ABL kinase for their survival, suggesting that kinase-independent mechanisms must contribute to their persistence. We observed that CML stem/progenitor cells (SPCs) produce tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in a kinase-independent fashion and at higher levels relative to their normal(More)
BACKGROUND There is indirect evidence that nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in vascular endothelium of patients with hypertension is altered. The aim of this study was to estimate more directly NO production in patients with untreated essential hypertension by measurement of synthesis of inorganic nitrate, which is the end product of NO oxidation in humans. Two(More)