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OBJECTIVE To investigate putative changes in cortical excitability of patients affected by early-onset mild dementia by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and to verify whether a peculiar neurophysiological profile may contribute to characterise Alzheimer's disease (AD) vs frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS Motor threshold and(More)
Electroencephalograph (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCI's) require on-line detection of mental states from spontaneous EEG signals. In this framework, surface Laplacian (SL) transformation of EEG signals has proved to improve the recognition scores of imagined motor activity. The results we obtained in the first year of an European project named(More)
In this work, a novel approach based on the estimate of time-varying graph indices is proposed in order to capture the basic schemes of communication within the functional brain networks during a simple motor act. To achieve this, we used a cascade of computational tools able to estimate first the electrical activity of the cortical surface by using(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can modify spasticity. METHODS We used high-frequency (5 Hz) and low-frequency (1 Hz) rTMS protocols in 19 remitting patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and lower limb spasticity. RESULTS A single session of 1 Hz rTMS over the leg primary motor cortex(More)
EEG-based Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) require on-line detection of mental states from spontaneous EEG signals. In this framework, it was suggested that EEG patterns can be better detected with EEG data transformed with Surface Laplacian computation (SL) than with the unprocessed raw potentials. However, accurate SL estimates require the use of many EEG(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TCS) was applied to both hemispheres of 16 patients affected by criptogenic focal epilepsy to evaluate the interhemispheric symmetry of the motor cortex excitability. The amplitude of the motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and the duration of the post-MEP silent period (SP) were measured at threshold (THR) and at increasing(More)
Considering that a well-defined dopaminergic projection from the mesencephalic structures to the rat frontal cortex has been demonstrated, the purpose of this research was to study the action of iontophoretically applied dopamine (DA) on intracellularly recorded rat frontal neurons. The stimulation of the substantia nigra (SN) and the ventral tegmental area(More)
The topography of scalp SEPs to mixed and sensory median nerve (MN) and to musculocutaneous nerve stimulation was examined in 20 healthy subjects through multichannel (12-36) recording in a 50 msec post-stimulus epoch. MN-SEPs in both frontal leads were characterized by an N18, P20, N24, P28 complex showing maximal amplitude at contralateral parasagittal(More)
Clinical and EEG manifestations of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) occur in a strict relationship to the sleep-wake cycle, particularly to transition phases (awakening, falling asleep, afternoon relaxation after work). JME manifestations are deactivated during sleep. Because arousal fluctuations during NREM sleep may be controlled by the same(More)
A peculiar deficit of electrophysiological retinal responses to pattern reversal grating stimuli has been reported in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. A similar abnormality has been reproduced by means of non-selective dopaminergic antagonists in normal humans. Aim of this study was to verify, by means of a selective D2 antagonist (sulpiride) administered(More)