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OBJECTIVE To investigate putative changes in cortical excitability of patients affected by early-onset mild dementia by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and to verify whether a peculiar neurophysiological profile may contribute to characterise Alzheimer's disease (AD) vs frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS Motor threshold and(More)
BACKGROUND   Sleep disturbances and excessive daytime somnolence are common and disabling features in adult-onset myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). METHODS   Our study used questionnaires, ambulatory polysomnography and the multiple sleep latency test to evaluate sleep-wake cycle and daytime sleepiness in unselected adult-onset DM1 patients. We recruited(More)
In this work, a novel approach based on the estimate of time-varying graph indices is proposed in order to capture the basic schemes of communication within the functional brain networks during a simple motor act. To achieve this, we used a cascade of computational tools able to estimate first the electrical activity of the cortical surface by using(More)
Electroencephalograph (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCI's) require on-line detection of mental states from spontaneous EEG signals. In this framework, surface Laplacian (SL) transformation of EEG signals has proved to improve the recognition scores of imagined motor activity. The results we obtained in the first year of an European project named(More)
A simultaneous recording of mean flow velocity in the right middle cerebral artery by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and electroencephalographic activity was performed in 5 children with multiple daily typical absence seizures. Twenty-eight absence episodes were recorded. Mean flow velocity increased gradually a few seconds before the clinical and(More)
Considering that a well-defined dopaminergic projection from the mesencephalic structures to the rat frontal cortex has been demonstrated, the purpose of this research was to study the action of iontophoretically applied dopamine (DA) on intracellularly recorded rat frontal neurons. The stimulation of the substantia nigra (SN) and the ventral tegmental area(More)
Extracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]0) and neuronal activity were measured with double-barreled Ca2+-selective/reference microelectrodes in the CA1 field of rat hippocampal slices during stimulation of Schaffer collaterals and during iontophoretic application of the excitatory amino acid aspartate (Asp). Baseline [Ca2+]0 was 1.5 mM. Repetitive stimulation and(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper addressed the issue of building-up a framework for the realization of several cognitive bio-feedback (CBF) systems. It minimizes the programming effort and maximizes the efficiency and the cross-platform portability so that it can be used with many platforms (either software or hardware). METHODS A generic CBF system was decomposed(More)
In the present study we analyze whether glycine satisfies some electrophysiological and biochemical criteria to consider it as a putative transmitter in the rat cerebral cortex. Intracellular recordings from rat sensory-motor cortex showed that in 15-20% of the tested neurons glycine hyperpolarized the cell membrane, decreased the firing rate and flattened(More)