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OBJECTIVE Three independent studies have shown that variation in the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene associates with BMI and obesity. In the present study, the effect of FTO variation on metabolic traits including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and related quantitative phenotypes was examined. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The FTO rs9939609(More)
Transcranial freeze lesions in neonatal rat pups produce microgyri and adjacent epileptogenic regions of neocortex that can be used to model human polymicrogyria. The hypothesis that the presence of microgyri is associated with abnormal cortical organization occurring within as well as adjacent to the microgyri was tested by creating microgyri within the(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging technique that may be useful in diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). OBJECTIVES To describe OCT features in NMSC such as actinic keratosis (AK) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and in benign lesions and to assess the diagnostic accuracy of OCT in differentiating NMSC from benign(More)
BACKGROUND Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most prevalent cancer in the light-skinned population. Noninvasive treatment is increasingly used for NMSC patients with superficial lesions, making the development of noninvasive diagnostic technologies highly relevant. OBJECTIVE The scope of this review is to present data on the current state-of-the-art(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging technology with a potential in the non-invasive diagnosis of skin cancer. To identify skin pathologies using OCT, it is of prime importance to establish baseline morphological features of normal skin. AIMS The aim of this study is to describe normal skin morphology using OCT and(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) seem to experience an increased prevalence of oncogenic virus infections. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether SLE patients have an increased risk of virus-associated malignancies, defined as malignancies potentially caused by virus infection. METHODS A hospital-based cohort of(More)
INTRODUCTION In 2009, the WHO listed ultraviolet (UV) radiation as a group 1 carcinogen. In spite of this, each year, millions of people tan indoor in Western countries. The aim of this review is to summarize evidence of tanning bed carcinogenesis and to present guidelines for use of tanning beds and patient safety advice. METHODS A narrative review of(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides clinicians and researchers with micrometer-resolution, in vivo, cross-sectional images of human skin up to several millimeter depth. This review of OCT imaging applied within dermatology covers the application of OCT to normal skin, and reports on a large number of applications in the fields of non-melanoma skin(More)
BACKGROUND Nail diseases are often troubling to the patient and may present a diagnostic challenge to the dermatologist. Biopsies from the nail may be required although often perceived uncomfortable by the patient and potentially scarring. Noninvasive technologies are therefore of particular interest in the study of nails. Optical coherence tomography (OCT)(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate assessment of tumour size is important when planning treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Imaging with optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the potential to diagnose and measure depth of NMSC. OBJECTIVES To compare accuracy of mean tumour thickness measurement in NMSC tumours < 2 mm of depth using OCT and 20-MHz(More)