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BACKGROUND Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is rapidly emerging as a powerful model system to facilitate research aimed at improving grass crops for grain, forage and energy production. To characterize the natural diversity of Brachypodium and provide a valuable new tool to the growing list of resources available to Brachypodium researchers, we(More)
BACKGROUND This prospective study aimed to determine the spectrum and the main risk factors of surgical site infection (SSI) after neurosurgical procedures in our clinic. METHODS Consecutive patients undergoing neurosurgery between November 1, 2001, and November 1, 2002, were recruited for the study. All patients were followed for a minimum of 2 weeks(More)
OBJECT The inflammatory cells that accumulate at the damaged site after spinal cord injury (SCI) may secrete interleukin-6 (IL-6), a mediator known to induce the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Any increased production of NO by iNOS activity would aggravate the primary neurological damage in SCI. If this mechanism does occur, the(More)
OBJECT The authors examined the relationships of brain-tumor interfaces, specific magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features, and angiographic findings in meningiomas to predict tumor cleavage and difficulty of resection. METHODS Magnetic resonance imaging studies, angiographic data, operative reports, clinical data, and histopathological findings were(More)
A 43-year-old woman complaining of severe pain of the right side of the face was admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery. It had been present for three months and diagnosed as trigeminal neuralgia. The CT scan without contrast material had been considered normal at that time. Three months later, after a favourable response to carbamazepine, she suddenly(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to investigate whether neutralization of rat interleukin 6 (IL-6) bioactivity attenuates inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) up-regulation and ameliorates cerebral ischemic damage in a model of focal central nervous system (CNS) ischemia. METHODS Seventy rats were randomly allocated to groups: Group I (n=10) consisted of normal(More)
BACKGROUND Although there are some cases of cerebellar mutism in adults after posterior fossa surgery for cerebellar tumour it generally occurs in children. Reversible pathophsiology and the anatomical substrate of this syndrome still remain unclear. The predominance of cerebellar mutism in children is suggested to be related to the higher incidence of(More)
Orchardgrass, or cocksfoot [Dactylis glomerata (L.)], has been naturalized on nearly every continent and is a commonly used species for forage and hay production. All major cultivated varieties of orchardgrass are autotetraploid, and few tools or information are available for functional and comparative genetic analyses and improvement of the species. To(More)
The present study was performed to investigate the effect of trapidil on ischemic damage of cells after spinal cord injury. The injury was produced by extradural clip compression of the exposed spinal cord in rats according to Rivlin and Tator. The ten rats in group 1 were used to determine normal findings without any surgery or medication. On the 15 rats(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Intra- and interspecific variations of C-values and the relationship between habitat factors and genome size were studied in natural populations of diploid and tetraploid wild wheats. METHODOLOGY The 1C nuclear DNA content of 376 individual plants representing 41 populations of diploid and tetraploid wild wheats was determined by flow(More)