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We have previously demonstrated that genetically based leptin deficiency due to a missense leptin gene mutation in a highly consanguineous extended Turkish pedigree is associated with morbid obesity and hypogonadism. We have now performed detailed assessments of endocrine, sympathetic, and immune function. We have also identified a new adult female(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to investigate the status of oxidative stress and nitric oxide related parameters in type II diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in which heart disease, atherosclerosis, retinopathy, and nephropathy commonly occur, and also to determine the effect of glycemic control on these parameters. DESIGN AND METHODS Erythrocyte(More)
CHARGE syndrome and Kallmann syndrome (KS) are two distinct developmental disorders sharing overlapping features of impaired olfaction and hypogonadism. KS is a genetically heterogeneous disorder consisting of idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) and anosmia, and is most commonly due to KAL1 or FGFR1 mutations. CHARGE syndrome, a multisystem(More)
By defining the chromosomal breakpoint of a balanced t(10;12) translocation from a subject with Kallmann syndrome and scanning genes in its vicinity in unrelated hypogonadal subjects, we have identified WDR11 as a gene involved in human puberty. We found six patients with a total of five different heterozygous WDR11 missense mutations, including three(More)
Genetic mutations in the leptin pathway can be a cause of human obesity. It is still unknown whether leptin can be effective in the treatment of fully established morbid obesity and its endocrine and metabolic consequences in adults. To test the hypothesis that leptin has a key role in metabolic and endocrine regulation in adults, we examined the effects of(More)
OBJECTIVES Antioxidants protect an organism from the detrimental effects of free radicals via scavenging or inhibiting their formation. Alterations in the levels of antioxidants and several essential trace elements in the plasma and various tissues of ob/ob mice have been reported previously. The aim of this study was to investigate oxidative status and(More)
The hormone leptin profoundly affects body weight and metabolism. Three human adults (two women, 35 and 40 yr old; one man, age 27) have been identified with a recessive mutation in the ob gene, which is homologous to the mutation in ob/ob mice, and produces leptin deficiency and morbid obesity. Because leptin replacement increases brain weight and changes(More)
To determine the significance of serum thyroglobulin (Tg) level in terms of presence or absence of thyroid cancer, we evaluated available serum Tg data on and off T4 therapy in 180 patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who have now been followed up to 18 yr. The presence of cancer was established by radioiodine scans, x-rays, and clinical examination.(More)
Our purpose was to determine which HLA class II alleles are associated with Turkish alopecia areata patients. Also we investigated whether there was a relationship between the age of onset and severity of disease and HLA alleles or not. Sixty-five patients with alopecia areata were included in this study, and 50 healthy transplant donors were used as a(More)