Messele Gedebou

Learn More
Ninety Shigella and 45 Salmonella strains were isolated from 1000 adult diarrhoeal out-patients from various hospitals and clinics in Addis Ababa. The Shigella species were isolated in the order of frequency of S. flexneri, S. dysenteriae, S. boydii and S. sonnei and the Salmonella in the order of Group C, Group B, S. typhi, other Group D and Groups A and(More)
The prevalence of nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, antibiograms and prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) were studied in 1999 among healthy hospital and non-hospital personnel in Abha, Saudi Arabia. S. aureus was isolated from 26.1% of 299 adults in the community and 25.4% of 279 hospital personnel. No isolate was resistant to(More)
Seven hundred patients admitted to the wards of the Department of Obstetrics/Gynaecology of Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Addis Ababa, between January and July 1984 were studied for the incidence of nosocomial infections. The overall hospital infection rate was 17.0%, with wound infection at 47% followed by urinary-tract infection at 15%. Over 80% of the(More)
One thousand six surgical patients admitted between April 1983 and January 1984 to a hospital in Addis Ababa were studied for incidence of nosocomial infections. On admission, they were carefully examined clinically to exclude community-acquired infections and to determine any underlying risk factors. All patients were closely followed up for detection of(More)
Patients admitted to a teaching hospital in Addis Ababa were studied for nosocomial infection. Of 2506 patients, 13% developed clinical infections, with the highest rate among obstetric/gynaecologic patients (17.0%). Wound infection was the most frequent type of nosocomial infection (49%) followed by urinary tract infection (25%). Antibiotic prophylaxis was(More)
We reviewed the microbiology laboratory records of Abha Maternity Hospital, Saudi Arabia for 1996 and 1998 to assess multiple antibiotic resistance, using Staphylococcus aureus as a paradigm. A total of 587 and 485 strains were isolated in 1996 and 1998 respectively. In 1996, over 60.0% were resistant to five of the nine antibiotics tested; in 1998, over(More)
One hundred and five shigella isolates from Addis Ababa were studied to determine serogroup frequency and in vitro antibacterial drug sensitivity. About 70% of the isolates were Shigella flexneri followed by Sh. dysenteriae (15%), Sh. boydii (10%) and Sh. sonnei (5%). All or most of the strains were susceptible to cephalothin, gentamicin, kanamycin,(More)
The incidence of nosocomial infection and prevalence of antibiotic misuse were studied in a 174-bed community hospital in Saudi Arabia over a six-month period. Of 2445 patients admitted, 8.5% developed nosocomial infection, the rates were highest for nursery (35.8%), intensive care (19.8%), gynaecological (16.2%) and surgical (11.7%) patients. Urinary tract(More)