Mervyn J. Hardiman

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The nictitating membrane response (NMR) of 15 rabbits was conditioned to light and white noise conditional stimuli (CSs) using a periorbital shock unconditional stimulus (US). Unilateral lesions of the inferior olive were then made. Lesions restricted to the medial parts of rostral dorsal accessory olive (DAO) and principal olive (PO) abolished conditioning(More)
We examined the effects of cerebellar cortical lesions upon conditioned nictitating membrane responses in rabbits. Using extended postoperative conditioning and unpaired presentations of the conditioned stimuli (CSs), we confirmed that combined lesions of lobules HVI and ansiform lobe abolished conditioned responses (CRs) established to light and white(More)
Lesions of the cerebellum severely impair the classically conditioned nictitating membrane response (NMR) in rabbits. Thus, the cerebellum is essential for the production of conditioned responses (CRs), either because it is actively involved in NMR conditioning or because damage to it causes motor or other general deficits. To distinguish between these(More)
Poor discrimination of nonlinguistic sounds has been implicated in language-learning problems in children, but research evidence has been inconsistent. This study included 32 participants with specific language impairment (SLI) and 32 typically developing controls aged 7-16 years. Frequency discrimination thresholds were estimated in a task where(More)
In a previous behavioral study, we showed that parents of children with SLI had a subclinical deficit in phonological short-term memory. Here, we tested the hypothesis that they also have a deficit in nonverbal auditory sensory memory. We measured auditory sensory memory using a paradigm involving an electrophysiological component called the mismatch(More)
Mismatch negativity (MMN) is measured by subtracting the averaged response to a set of standard stimuli from the averaged response to rarer deviant stimuli, and taking the amplitude of this difference wave in a given time window. This method is problematic when used to evaluate individuals, because there is no estimate of variance. We describe a new(More)
The auditory event-related potential (ERP) is obtained by averaging electrical impulses recorded from the scalp in response to repeated stimuli. Previous work has shown large differences between children, adolescents and adults in the late auditory ERP, raising the possibility that analysis of waveform shape might be useful as an index of brain maturity. We(More)
We assessed the relationship between brain structure and function in 10 individuals with specific language impairment (SLI), compared to six unaffected siblings, and 16 unrelated control participants with typical language. Voxel-based morphometry indicated that grey matter in the SLI group, relative to controls, was increased in the left inferior frontal(More)
The classically conditioned nictitating membrane response (NMR) of the rabbit is useful for analyses of brain structures and pathways involved in mammalian associative learning. Lesions of the entire cerebellum, its nuclei or its efferent pathway abolish conditioned NMR learning and prevent its reacquisition. Until now it has not been clear whether the(More)
Visual projections to the pontine nuclei in the rabbit were examined by means of both orthograde and retrograde tracing of WGA-HRP. The tecto-pontine projection was examined following microinjections of WGA-HRP in the right superior colliculus. The projection to the pontine nuclei is strictly ipsilateral and terminates at middle and caudal levels of the(More)