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BACKGROUND Because we question the validity of the 1985 FAO/ WHO/UNU upper requirement for threonine of 7 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), we proposed a tentative mean requirement of 15 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1). OBJECTIVE Our goal was to assess threonine adequacy at 3 test intakes and the consequences of a 6-d compared with a 13-d dietary adaptation phase. DESIGN We(More)
Sepsis is a leading cause of death following major trauma and complicated abdominal surgery. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is believed to be a central mediator in the inflammatory response syndrome. Numerous methods of blunting the TNF response in sepsis have been attempted with suggestion of increased survival and decreased organ injury. Thalidomide,(More)
We have previously reported superior survival after one level of hemorrhagic shock in germ-free (GF) rats compared with germ-bearing (GB) rats. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the GF state on survival at different degrees of hemorrhagic shock. GF and GB rats were bled to a mean arterial blood pressure of 30 mmHg. Shock was(More)
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