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Remote-sensing for oil spills is reviewed. The use of visible techniques is ubiquitous, however it gives only the same results as visual monitoring. Oil has no particular spectral features that would allow for identification among the many possible background interferences. Cameras are only useful to provide documentation. In daytime oil absorbs light and(More)
Oil, refined product, and pyrogenic hydrocarbons are the most frequently discovered contaminants in the environment. To effectively determine the fate of spilled oil in the environment and to successfully identify source(s) of spilled oil and petroleum products is, therefore, extremely important in many oil-related environmental studies and liability cases.(More)
The well-characterized Alberta Sweet Mixed Blend oil and several other oils which are commonly transported in Canada were physically weathered and then incubated with a defined microbial inoculum. The purpose was to produce quantitative data on oil components and component groups which are more susceptible or resistant to biodegradation, and to determine(More)
Water-in-oil mixtures were grouped into four states or classes: stable, mesostable, unstable, and entrained water. Of these, only stable and mesostable states can be characterized as emulsions. These states were established according to lifetime, visual appearance, complex modulus, and differences in viscosity. Water content at formation was not an(More)
We have investigated the use of headspace solid phase microextraction (HSSPME) as a sample concentration and preparation technique for the analysis of volatile and semivolatile pollutants in soil samples. Soil samples were suspended in solvent and the SPME fibre suspended in the headspace above the slurry. Finally, the fibre was desorbed in the Gas(More)
A GC/MS method for the characterization of 22-year-old spilled Arrow oil is described. After 22 years of weathering in the environment, most saturated hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in most Arrow oil samples have been lost. Their fingerprints give little information of the source, characteristics, and fate of the spilled oil. However, the(More)
Six crude oil-degrading bacterial strains isolated from different soil and water environments were combined to create a defined consortium for use in standardized efficacy testing of commercial oil spill bioremediation agents (OSBA). The isolates were cryopreserved in individual aliquots at pre-determined cell densities, stored at −70°C, and thawed for use(More)
Three coastal sites, heavily oiled from the 1974 Metula oil spill in the Strait of Magellan [two are salt marshes (East and West) and the third, an intertidal asphalt pavement], were examined during May 1998. Complete 'total oil analyses' were performed on the oil samples collected from these sites. Chemical fingerprinting data reveal, except for those(More)
A reliable, effective, and accurate gas chromatographidmass spectrometric (GC/MS) method for differentiation and source identification of crude and weathered oils by the use of isomeric methyldibenzothiophene (C1-DBT) compounds is described. The method complements existing methods useful for oil characterization, but has its own distinct advantages: (1)(More)