Activating mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3 are present in up to approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, implicating FLT3 as a driver of the disease and therefore as a target for therapy. We report the characterization of AC220, a second-generation FLT3 inhibitor, and a comparison of AC220 with the first-generation FLT3… (More)
We have identified and synthesized a series of biphenyl-carboxylic acid indanones as allosteric potentiators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 2. Structure-activity relationship studies directed toward improving the potency and the brain to plasma ratio of the initial lead led to the discovery of 5 and 23 (EC50=111 and 5 nM, respectively).
Structure-activity relationship studies leading to the discovery of a new, orally active mGlu5 receptor antagonist are described. The title compound, 5-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]-2,3'-bipyridine, is highly potent in vitro, has good in vivo receptor occupancy, and is efficacious in the rat fear-potentiated startle model of anxiety following oral… (More)
The primary antibody response of C57BL/6 mice to the 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl (NP) hapten is restricted to antibody molecules expressing the NPb idiotype. This idiotype is a genetic marker for V genes in the heavy chain linkage group. In the secondary response, the frequency of NPb idiotype-positive molecules within the antibody population drops to… (More)
We describe here a method for the isolation of somatic cell variants that express a structurally altered gene product on their cell surface. The method makes it possible to select positively for cells of the variant phenotype which is defined by loss of a given antigenic determinant. As an example, we present the isolation of a cloned cell line expressing a… (More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) are G-protein-coupled receptors that play a major role in modulatory pathways in the CNS and have been suggested to have pharmacological implications in pain, psychiatric disorders and other neurological states. 3-[(2-Methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl) ethynyl]-pyridine (MTEP) is a specific and selective antagonist for the… (More)
Metabolism and disposition of MGS0028 [(1R,2S,5S,6S)-2-amino-6-fluoro-4-oxobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid monohydrate], a potent group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, were examined in three preclinical species (Sprague-Dawley rats, beagle dogs, and rhesus monkeys). In rats, MGS0028 was widely distributed and primarily excreted in… (More)
Structure-activity relationship studies performed around 3-fluoro-5-(5-pyridin-2-yl-2H-tetrazol-2-yl)benzonitrile for the purpose of developing novel mGlu5 receptor antagonists are described. Synthesis of a series of four-ring tetrazoles led to the discovery of 3-[3-fluoro-5-(5-pyridin-2-yl-2H-tetrazol-2-yl)phenyl]-4-methylpyridine, a highly potent, brain… (More)