Merrill F . Elias

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OBJECTIVES To relate performance on tests of cognitive ability to the subsequent development of probable Alzheimer disease (pAD) and to identify the pattern of earliest changes in cognitive functioning associated with a diagnosis of pAD. DESIGN From May 1975 to November 1979, a screening neuropsychological battery was administered to Framingham Study(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the independent effects of obesity and hypertension on cognitive functioning. METHODS Using a prospective design, male (n=551) and female (n=872) participants of the Framingham Heart Study were classified by presence or absence of obesity and hypertension based on data collected over an 18-y surveillance period. All subjects were(More)
Recent studies have indicated that moderate alcohol intake may be beneficial to cognitive functioning in women, although not necessarily in men. Data from the Framingham Heart Study, a large, prospective study of cardiovascular disease in Framingham, Massachusetts, were used to examine the relation between alcohol consumption and cognitive ability. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if NIDDM and blood pressure are risk factors for poor cognitive performance and if history and duration of NIDDM and blood pressure interact such that the risk of poor performance is greater for subjects with both NIDDM and hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used a large prospective cohort sample with 187 NIDDM subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to examine associations among plasma homocysteine concentrations (tHcy), the tHcy-cofactors (folate, vitamins B6 and B12), and multiple domains of cognitive performance, with statistical adjustment for possible confounds, including cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RF) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Mid-life stroke risk factors have been related to late-life cognitive impairment. This association may result not only from clinical strokes but also from subclinical brain injury, such as a global atrophy demonstrable on quantitative brain MRI. METHODS The authors evaluated the community-based cohort of Framingham Offspring Study participants.(More)
Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations are associated with deficits in cognitive performance in persons free from dementia. The extent to which age modifies these associations is in need of further investigation in large, community-based, prospective studies combining the following elements: 1) multiple cognitive tests; 2) statistical adjustment(More)
BACKGROUND Non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD) is related to cognitive impairment. Previous studies have not explored the extent of impairment across multiple cognitive domains. We examined the range of specific cognitive abilities affected by CKD and whether the associations of CKD with cognition were eliminated by statistical control for(More)
Normative data are presented for a neuropsychological test battery (Kaplan-Albert) consisting of subtests from the original Wechsler Adult Intelligence and Memory Scales and the Benton and Hamsher Aphasia Examination. Analyses were based on archival data resulting from administration (1976-1978) of the battery to community residents participating in the(More)
It was hypothesized that blood pressure would be inversely related to cognitive functioning, if unconfounded with antihypertensive medication and measured over many occasions prior to neuropsychological testing. For stroke-free Framingham Study participants aged 55-88 years (n = 1,702), blood pressure levels were averaged over five biennial examinations(More)