Meron Roose-Girma

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A crucial part of the innate immune response is the assembly of the inflammasome, a cytosolic complex of proteins that activates caspase-1 to process the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-18. The adaptor protein ASC is essential for inflammasome function, binding directly to caspase-1 (refs 3, 4), but the triggers of this interaction(More)
Specific adaptors regulate the activation of initiator caspases; for example, FADD and Apaf-1 engage caspases 8 and 9, respectively. The adaptors ASC, Ipaf and RIP2 have each been proposed to regulate caspase-1 (also called interleukin (IL)-1 converting enzyme), which is activated within the 'inflammasome', a complex comprising several adaptors. Here we(More)
Macrophages respond to cytosolic nucleic acids by activating cysteine protease caspase-1 within a complex called the inflammasome. Subsequent cleavage and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and IL-18 are critical for innate immunity. Here, we show that macrophages from mice lacking absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) cannot sense cytosolic(More)
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related ligand B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) binds two TNF receptor family members, transmembrane activator and calcium-modulating and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) and B cell maturation molecule (BCMA). Mice that are transgenic for BLyS show B cell accumulation, activation and autoimmune lupus-like nephritis. The(More)
Plasmin and other components of the plasminogen activation system play an important role in tissue repair by regulating extracellular matrix remodeling, including fibrin degradation. Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a procarboxypeptidase that, after activation, can attenuate plasmin-mediated fibrin degradation by removing the C-terminal(More)
Prevailing dogma holds that cell-cell communication through Notch ligands and receptors determines binary cell fate decisions during progenitor cell divisions, with differentiated lineages remaining fixed. Mucociliary clearance in mammalian respiratory airways depends on secretory cells (club and goblet) and ciliated cells to produce and transport mucus.(More)
NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) is a primary regulator of the noncanonical NF-κB signaling pathway, which plays a vital role downstream of BAFF, CD40L, lymphotoxin, and other inflammatory mediators. Germline deletion or inactivation of NIK in mice results in the defective development of B cells and secondary lymphoid organs, but the role of NIK in adult animals(More)
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