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Cutaneous pigmentation is determined by the amounts of eumelanin and pheomelanin synthesized by epidermal melanocytes and is known to protect against sun-induced DNA damage. The synthesis of eumelanin is stimulated by the binding of alpha-melanotropin (alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone) to the functional melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) expressed on(More)
Combining gene expression data with morphological information has revolutionized developmental neuroanatomy in the last decade. Visualization and interpretation of complex images have been crucial to these advances in our understanding of mechanisms underlying early brain development, as most developmental processes are spatially oriented, in topologically(More)
The cloning and characterization of the human melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) and the demonstration that normal human melanocytes respond to the melanocortins, alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), with increased proliferation and eumelanogenesis had put an end to a long-standing controversy about the role(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Uroguanylin and guanylin, endogenous ligands of the guanylate cyclase C receptor, are presumed to mediate fluid and electrolyte secretion in the intestine. The aim of this study was to characterize the expression patterns of uroguanylin and guanylin messenger RNA (mRNA) in the mouse intestine. METHODS A mouse uroguanylin complementary(More)
Guanylin is a pro-secretory hormone that is expressed in intestinal epithelia. Previously, we mapped the guanylin gene to mouse and human chromosomal regions containing multiple intestinal tumor-modifying loci. Here, we investigate whether guanylin expression is downregulated in precancerous human and mouse intestinal adenomas and whether diminished(More)
The agouti gene codes for agouti signaling protein (ASP), which is temporally expressed in wild-type mouse follicular melanocytes where it induces pheomelanin synthesis. Studies using purified full-length agouti signaling protein has shown that it competes with (&agr;)-melanocyte stimulating hormone for binding to the melanocortin 1 receptor. We have(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the regulation of the human melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) expression in cultured normal human melanocytes (NHM) by specific paracrine and endocrine factors, and by ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Treatment of NHM with alpha-melanotropin [alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)] increased MC1R mRNA level; the(More)
In this paper we have extended the concept of Facto Graph which was initiated in [1]. A facto graph of integral order z, (which is a positive integer) is a graph G with the set of divisors(factors) of z as its vertex set and two distinct vertices in G are adjacent if the product of the two numbers which are labeled to the vertices is in the vertex set of G.(More)
Repeated attempts to clone the luxI from Vibrio fischeri ATCC 49387 failed to produce a clone carrying a functional LuxI. Sequence data from the clones revealed the presence of a polymorphism when compared with previously published luxI sequences, prompting further characterization of bioluminescence regulation in V. fischeri ATCC 49387. Further(More)
A new proof for the non-degeneracy of the Frey-Rück pairing and a connection to isogenies over the base field. the Selmer group of an isogeny between abelian varieties using a further isogeny to a Jacobian. How to do a p-descent on an elliptic curve, Trans. Amer. groups of elliptic curves that can be arbitrarily large,
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