Merlin Nanayakkara

Learn More
Intestinal and systemic illnesses have been linked to increased gut permeability. Bile acids, whose luminal profile can be altered in human disease, modulate intestinal paracellular permeability. We investigated the mechanism by which selected bile acids increase gut permeability using a validated in vitro model. Human intestinal Caco-2 cells were grown in(More)
BACKGROUND Gliadins, a family of wheat proteins, are central to the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). In addition to 'immunogenic' effects, gliadin directly affects cultured cells and intestine preparations, and produces damage in vivo, via a separate 'toxic' peptide, such as A-gliadin p31-43 (P31-43). AIMS Understanding the molecular mechanisms(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates DNA synthesis and cytoskeletal rearrangement in human breast cancer (MCF-7) and human prostate cancer (LNCaP) cells. Both effects are inhibited by estrogen (ICI 182,780) and androgen (Casodex) antagonists. This supports the view that crosstalk exists between EGF and estradiol (ER) and androgen (AR) receptors and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Damage to intestinal mucosa in celiac disease (CD) is mediated both by inflammation due to adaptive and innate immune responses, with IL-15 as a major mediator of the innate immune response, and by proliferation of crypt enterocytes as an early alteration of CD mucosa causing crypts hyperplasia. We have previously shown that(More)
We observed that sex steroid hormones, like growth factors, stimulate the Src/Ras/erk pathway of cell lines derived from human mammary or prostate cancers. In addition, hormone-dependent pathway activation can be induced in Cos cells, upon transfection of classic steroid receptors. Cross-talks between sex steroid receptors regulate their association with(More)
Under conditions of short-term hormone deprivation, epidermal growth factor (EGF) induces DNA synthesis, cytoskeletal changes, and Src activation in MCF-7 and LNCaP cells. These effects are drastically inhibited by pure estradiol or androgen antagonists, implicating a role of the steroid receptors in these findings. Interestingly, EGF triggers rapid(More)
BACKGROUND Celiac Disease (CD) is both a frequent disease (1:100) and an interesting model of a disease induced by food. It consists in an immunogenic reaction to wheat gluten and glutenins that has been found to arise in a specific genetic background; however, this reaction is still only partially understood. Activation of innate immunity by gliadin(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is a frequent inflammatory intestinal disease, with a genetic background, caused by gliadin-containing food. Undigested gliadin peptides P31-43 and P57-68 induce innate and adaptive T cell-mediated immune responses, respectively. Alterations in the cell shape and actin cytoskeleton are present in celiac enterocytes, and gliadin peptides(More)
Antibodies against gametes of the malarial parasite inhibit the development of the parasite in the mosquito and curtail the transmission of malaria. We now report that a monoclonal antibody against gametes of the human malaria pathogen Plasmodium vivax and antibodies induced during natural infections of P. vivax in humans which suppress infectivity of the(More)
Estradiol rapidly activates Src as well as the Src-dependent pathway in human mammary cancer-derived MCF-7 cells, in human prostate cancer-derived LNCaP cells and in Cos cells transiently expressing hERs [EMBO J. 15 (1996) 1292; EMBO J. 17 (1998) 2008]. In addition, estradiol immediately stimulates, yes, an ubiquitous member of the Src kinase family, in(More)