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The purpose of this investigation was to explore the role of uncertainty as a significant variable influencing patients' experiences in illness, treatment, and hospitalization. A theory was proposed on uncertainty in illness. Based upon this conceptualization, a 30-item scale tapping the uncertainty in symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment, relationship with(More)
In this chapter, the research on uncertainty in chronic illness is reviewed and critiqued. Two theoretical perspectives of uncertainty that can be applied across the range of chronic illness are presented. Research on the causes and consequences of uncertainty in chronic illness are considered and critiqued. The review addresses research on adults and on(More)
The Parent Perception of Uncertainty Scale (PPUS) was developed to measure a perceptual variable believed to influence parents' response to their child's illness and hospitalization. This 31-item Likert-format scale was modified from the original form of the uncertainty scale. The PPUS was composed of four factors measuring the four dimensions of(More)
Watchful waiting is a reasonable alternative to treatment for some older men with localized prostate cancer, but it inevitably brings uncertainty. This study tested the effectiveness of the watchful waiting intervention (WWI) in helping men cognitively reframe and manage the uncertainty of watchful waiting. Based on Mishel's Reconceptualized Uncertainty in(More)
The processes family members of heart transplant recipients use to manage the unpredictability evoked by the need for and receipt of heart transplantation were explored. Twenty family members were theoretically sampled using the grounded theory approach. Three separate family support groups, each of 12 weeks duration, provided data for constant comparative(More)
In a 2 x 2 randomized block repeated measure design, this study evaluated the follow-up efficacy of the uncertainty management intervention at 20 months. The sample included 483 recurrence-free women (342 White, 141 African American women; mean age = 64 years) who were 5-9 years posttreatment for breast cancer. Women were randomly assigned to either the(More)
In this chapter, the research on uncertainty in acute illness is reviewed and critiqued. Both qualitative and quantitative studies are included. The review considers the cause and consequences of uncertainty from research on adults and from research on parents of acutely ill children.
Among older, long-term breast cancer survivors, symptoms from previous treatment can generate uncertainty about whether they represent co-morbid conditions, recurrence, or normal aging. This uncertainty can result in emotional distress and thoughts of recurrence. Communication with health care providers may help women reduce uncertainty and improve both(More)