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The murine Fv1 gene restricts infection by N- or B-tropic murine leukemia viruses at a postentry, preintegration stage. The Fv1-sensitive viruses previously used for the study of Fv1 encode an ecotropic envelope gene and thus only infect rodent cells. Consequently, the study of Fv1 restriction has been carried out solely in mice and murine cell lines. By(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in KCNQ2 and KCNQ3, encoding the voltage-gated potassium channels KV 7.2 and KV 7.3, are known to cause benign familial neonatal seizures mainly by haploinsufficiency. Here, we set out to determine the disease mechanism of 7 de novo missense KCNQ2 mutations that were recently described in patients with a severe epileptic encephalopathy(More)
Internalization of Listeria monocytogenes into nonphagocytic cell lines in vitro requires the products of the inlAB locus (J.-L. Gaillard, P. Berche, C. Frehel, E. Gouin, and P. Cossart, Cell 65:1127-1141, 1991). By generating isogenic mutants with a chromosomal in-frame deletion in either inlA or inlB, we have identified InlA and InlB as surface-bound(More)
The human genome is rife with the proviral remains of many ancient retroviruses. The past year has seen significant progress in understanding the structure, distribution and potential function of many of these elements. Although hypotheses concerning the potential effects of these elements are common, however, incisive experiments to test any functions(More)
To probe the genetic determinants controlling the interaction between the retroviral restriction gene Fv1 and its murine leukemia virus target, we set out to develop rapid, transient assays for Fv1 function. Cells were transfected or transduced with Fv1 expression plasmids which can produce green fluorescent protein via an internal ribosome entry site(More)
We have studied the interaction between the respiratory pathogen Bordetella bronchiseptica and murine spleen dendritic cells, important antigen-presenting cells that are found in the airway epithelium. Wild-type B. bronchiseptica 5376 attached very efficiently to dendritic cells, whereas the bvg mutant ATCC 10580, wild-type strain BB7865, and its(More)
The Fv1 gene restricts murine leukemia virus replication via an interaction with the viral capsid protein. To study this interaction, a number of mutations, including a series of N-terminal and C-terminal deletions, internal deletions, and a number of single-amino-acid substitutions, were introduced into the n and b alleles of the Fv1 gene and the effects(More)
Medicinal plants used for the treatment of epilepsy are potentially a valuable source of novel antiepileptic small molecules. To identify anticonvulsant secondary metabolites, we performed an in vivo, zebrafish-based screen of medicinal plants used in Southeast Asia for the treatment of seizures. Solanum torvum Sw. (Solanaceae) was identified as having(More)