Merja U M Kärkkäinen

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BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism, which has a negative effect on bone metabolism in the elderly. Puberty is an important time of bone metabolism and growth. The effect of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations on parathyroid hormone concentrations and bone mineral density (BMD) has not been well studied(More)
Objectives: To study the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D], and the intakes of vitamin D and calcium in Finnish 9− to 15-year-old athletic and nonathletic girls.Design: 1-year follow-up study (February 1997-March 1998) with three months of vitamin D supplementation (10 μg/d)(More)
BACKGROUND Very few studies have evaluated both parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and their effects on bone mass in children. OBJECTIVE We studied the associations of serum 25(OH)D and intact PTH (iPTH) with bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) at different bone sites and the relation between serum 25(OH)D(More)
UNLABELLED The effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone mineral augmentation in 212 adolescent girls with adequate calcium intake was studied in a randomized placebo-controlled setting. Bone mineral augmentation determined by DXA increased with supplementation both in the femur and the lumbar vertebrae in a dose-responsive manner. Supplementation(More)
In patients on antiepileptic drugs, bone loss has been mainly demonstrated at radial sites using old technology and has been ascribed to drug-induced vitamin D deficiency rather than to any direct effects of the treatment on bone cells. We examined 38 epileptic patients (24 women and 14 men) aged 20-49 years who were using either carbamazepine or phenytoin(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D insufficiency poses a problem in many parts of the world, the elderly being an especially vulnerable group. This insufficiency results from an inadequate amount of sunshine and a low dietary intake of vitamin D. Typically, insufficiency is accompanied with high intact parathyroid hormone, (S-iPTH) concentrations. AIMS OF THE STUDY We(More)
We studied the effects of a single oral phosphate (Pi) dose as well as those of three consecutive oral phosphate doses on calcium and bone metabolism. In the first part of the study (P1 study) 10 female volunteers were given orally 1500 mg of Pi in water, as a single dose, or plain water in randomized order at two different sessions. In the second part of(More)
Background/Objectives:Significance of dietary fatty acids on bone health is not clear, and the evidence is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and bone mineral density (BMD) among elderly women.Subjects/Methods:Subjects (n=554) were drawn from the Kuopio OSTPRE Fracture(More)
The vitamin D status of vegetarians was studied in the winter. The groups studied were strict vegetarians (G1), lactovegetarians (G2), lactoovovegetarians eating some fish (G3), and vegetarians who were taking vitamin D supplements or who had been exposed to abundant sunlight during the last 6 mo (G4). A group of healthy women served as control subjects(More)
We studied the effects of four calcium-rich foodstuffs on postprandial parathyroid hormone secretion. Four hundred milligrams calcium from either Emmental cheese, milk, sesame seeds, spinach, or calcium salt (calcium lactate gluconate + calcium carbonate) or no additional calcium (control session) were given to nine female volunteers immediately after a(More)