Merja Puurtinen

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A head cap made of fabric for measuring EOG and facial EMG signals is presented. Reusable and easy to use electrodes, embroidered of silver coated thread, are integrated into the cap. A two-way wireless data transmission link operating at license free 2.4 GHz frequency band is used for transferring the 16-bit measurement data, sampled with 1 kHz frequency(More)
New miniaturized portable electrocardiogram (ECG) measuring devices may require small interelectrode distance. However, finding a suitable location for a tiny measurement device may prove tedious, as reducing interelectrode distance reduces signal strength. The objective of the study was to define the optimal location for a very closely located (5 cm)(More)
New implantable ECG devices may provide more stable and noiseless measurements compared to body surface ECG measurements. When the electrodes are moved to inside of the body the way the ECG measurement is done is changing. Modeling can be an effective way to study effects of implantation to the capacity of electrodes to measure ECG compared to surface(More)
Textile sensors, when embedded into clothing, can provide new ways of monitoring physiological signals, and improve the usability and comfort of such monitoring systems in the areas of medical, occupational health and sports. However, good electrical and mechanical contact between the electrode and the skin is very important, as it often determines the(More)
New portable electrocardiogram (ECG) measurement systems are emerging into market. Some use nonstandard bipolar electrode montage and sometimes very small interelectrode distances to improve the usability of the system. Modeling could provide a straightforward method to test new electrode systems. The aim of this study was to assess whether modeling the(More)
BACKGROUND Novel small and wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) devices offer new means of recording cardiac activity in different applications. Our objective was to evaluate the performance of closely separated (6 cm) bipolar leads in differentiating subjects with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) from healthy subjects. METHODS The material contained body(More)
New miniaturized portable ECG measuring devices may require reduced electrode size and distance. Modeling tools can be useful in predicting the behavior of electric field between electrodes. This work introduces a project where the effect of interelectrode distance (IED) of ECG precordial electrodes was studied with a model of the thorax as a volume(More)
ii These results indicate that short IED bipolar leads provide a signal that is adequate for clinical use. Furthermore, the performance of these leads was shown to be similar or even superior to that of the commonly used standard leads. It can be concluded that when correctly positioned, short IED bipolar leads are useful and can give additional value for(More)
The usefulness of the right precordial unipolar leads and the value of the bipolar lead CM5 in the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) with exercise electrocardiographic (ECG) test are not well documented. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of leads V4R and CM5. The study population comprised 579 patients referred(More)
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