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Intervertebral disc disease is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. A number of environmental and anthropometric risk factors may contribute to it, and recent reports have suggested the importance of genetic factors as well. The COL9A2 gene, which codes for one of the polypeptide chains of collagen IX that is expressed in the intervertebral(More)
CONTEXT Lumbar disk disease (LDD) is one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases, with a prevalence of about 5%. A tryptophan (Trp) allele (Trp2) was recently discovered in the COL9A2 gene that is associated with dominantly inherited LDD but is only present in about 4% of Finnish patients with LDD. OBJECTIVE To determine if other collagen IX gene(More)
INTRODUCTION Few studies have performed expression profiling of both miRNA and mRNA from the same primary breast carcinomas. In this study we present and analyze data derived from expression profiling of 799 miRNAs in 101 primary human breast tumors, along with genome-wide mRNA profiles and extensive clinical information. METHODS We investigate the(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in all stages of prostate cancer progression, including in castration-resistant tumors. Eliminating AR function continues to represent a focus of therapeutic investigation, but AR regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. To systematically characterize mechanisms involving microRNAs (miRNAs), we conducted a gain-of(More)
Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is an autosomal dominantly inherited chondrodysplasia. It is clinically highly heterogeneous, partially because of its complex genetic background. Mutations in four genes, COL9A2, COL9A3, COMP, and MATR3, all coding for cartilage extracellular matrix components (i.e., the alpha2 and alpha 3 chains of collagen IX,(More)
Type IX collagen, a heterotrimer of alpha 1(IX), alpha 2(IX) and alpha 3(IX) chains, is a cartilage-specific fibril-associated collagen. In the process of characterizing genomic clones for the mouse alpha 2(IX) collagen gene four pairs of oligonucleotide primers designed for amplification of murine exon sequences were also utilized to construct cDNA clones(More)
One cosmid and two overlapping phage clones covering the entire mouse alpha 2(IX) collagen gene including 12 kilobase pairs (kb) of 5'- and 8 kb of 3'-flanking sequences were isolated from two genomic libraries. The overall gene structure was determined by restriction mapping and nucleotide sequencing. The gene spans 16 kb from the start of transcription to(More)
The antioxidant properties of hydroxymatairesinol (HM-3000) were studied in vitro in lipid peroxidation, superoxide and peroxyl radical scavenging, and LDL-oxidation models in comparison with the known synthetic antioxidants Trolox (a water-soluble vitamin E derivative), butylated hydroxyanisol (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). On a molar basis(More)
Predicting the impact of microRNAs (miRNAs) on target proteins is challenging because of their different regulatory effects at the transcriptional and translational levels. In this study, we applied a novel protein lysate microarray (LMA) technology to systematically monitor for target protein levels after high-throughput transfections of 319 pre-miRs into(More)