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CONTEXT In 46,XY disorders of sex development, 5α-reductase deficiency is rare and is not usually the first-intention diagnosis in newborn ambiguous genitalia, contrary to partial androgen insensitivity syndrome. Yet the cause of ambiguous genitalia may guide sex assignment, and rapid, precise diagnosis of 5α-reductase deficiency is essential. OBJECTIVE(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) on final height in girls who experienced moderately early puberty with symptoms beginning at 7-8.5 years of age. METHODS Female cases diagnosed with moderately early puberty which had started between ages 7 to 8.5 years were included in the study. In the(More)
The effect of oral administration of desmopressin (DDAVP) solution was investigated in a very low birth weight premature infant with central diabetes insipidus that was associated with grade four germinal matrix hemorrhage. As an alternative to the nasal route, long-term successful management resulting in favorable growth and development during infancy was(More)
UNLABELLED This study intends to describe growth and endocrine disorders secondary to chemotherapy among long-term survivors of pediatric acute leukemia. Sixteen patients including 14 ALL and 2 AML entered the study. Four were females and 12 were males with the mean age of 17.38 ± 3.81 years. Following the completion of their therapy, the mean follow up(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased prevalence of celiac disease (CD) and autoimmune thyroid disorders (ATD) in patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) has been widely reported. Such an association may lead to adverse effects on the growth, bone metabolism and fertility, and response to therapy may become difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the adherence to growth hormone (GH) therapy and identify the influencing factors and outcomes in children. METHODS A total of 217 GH-naïve patients in 6 pediatric endocrinology clinics were enrolled in the study. Structured questionnaires were filled out and patients were evaluated at the initiation and 3rd, 6th, and 12th months of(More)
In this experiment, we studied the effect of valproate (VPA) on weight gain, and serum leptin levels in prepubertal epileptic children receiving VPA. Our purpose was to determine whether or not long-term use of VPA causes weight gain in childhood, and to evaluate serum leptin levels in a group of prepubertal children receiving VPA. Our study included 15(More)
Latent autoimmune diabetes mellitus in adults (LADA) is characterized by clinical presentation as type 2 diabetes mellitus after 25 years of age, initial control achieved with oral hypoglycemic agents for at least 6 months, presence of autoantibodies and some immunogenetic features of type 1 diabetes mellitus. An 8.3 year-old girl was referred to our(More)
Tpit is a highly cell-restricted transcription factor that is required for expression of the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene and for terminal differentiation of the pituitary corticotroph lineage. Its exclusive expression in pituitary POMC-expressing cells has suggested that its mutation may cause isolated deficiency of pituitary adrenocorticotropin(More)
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a glucocorticoid adrenal insufficiency without mineralocorticoid deficiency. Mutations of the ACTH receptor (MC2-R) gene have been reported in some FGD cases, but only a few of them have been functionally studied. We reported clinical features and MC2-R gene(More)