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Tpit is a highly cell-restricted transcription factor that is required for expression of the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene and for terminal differentiation of the pituitary corticotroph lineage. Its exclusive expression in pituitary POMC-expressing cells has suggested that its mutation may cause isolated deficiency of pituitary adrenocorticotropin(More)
We present ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of intratesticular adrenal rests in a 16-year-old patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Scrotal ultrasonography showed bilateral well-delineated homogenous hypoechoic lesions located around the mediastinum testis, which were highly vascularized on power Doppler ultrasonography.(More)
INTRODUCTION Disorders of sexual development (DSD) occur when the appearance of the internal and/or external genitalia is at variance with normal development for either sex. We reviewed the characteristics of patients with DSD. PATIENTS Two hundred and eight children aged from newborn to 19 years with DSD from 1990 to 2008. RESULTS 46,XY DSD (52.4%) was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) on final height in girls who experienced moderately early puberty with symptoms beginning at 7-8.5 years of age. METHODS Female cases diagnosed with moderately early puberty which had started between ages 7 to 8.5 years were included in the study. In the(More)
Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a glucocorticoid adrenal insufficiency without mineralocorticoid deficiency. Mutations of the ACTH receptor (MC2-R) gene have been reported in some FGD cases, but only a few of them have been functionally studied. We reported clinical features and MC2-R gene(More)
OBJECTIVE Normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nIHH) is characterized by failure of initiation or maintenance of puberty due to insufficient gonadotropin release, which is not associated with anosmia/hyposmia. The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of causative mutations in a hereditary form of nIHH. METHODS In this(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease, characterized by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever with serositis involving the peritoneum, pleura, and joints. There is very scarce information on physical growth of affected children. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is significant improvement in growth(More)
The effect of oral administration of desmopressin (DDAVP) solution was investigated in a very low birth weight premature infant with central diabetes insipidus that was associated with grade four germinal matrix hemorrhage. As an alternative to the nasal route, long-term successful management resulting in favorable growth and development during infancy was(More)
CONTEXT In 46,XY disorders of sex development, 5α-reductase deficiency is rare and is not usually the first-intention diagnosis in newborn ambiguous genitalia, contrary to partial androgen insensitivity syndrome. Yet the cause of ambiguous genitalia may guide sex assignment, and rapid, precise diagnosis of 5α-reductase deficiency is essential. OBJECTIVE(More)
Latent autoimmune diabetes mellitus in adults (LADA) is characterized by clinical presentation as type 2 diabetes mellitus after 25 years of age, initial control achieved with oral hypoglycemic agents for at least 6 months, presence of autoantibodies and some immunogenetic features of type 1 diabetes mellitus. An 8.3 year-old girl was referred to our(More)