Merence Sibomana

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This paper presents two new rebinning algorithms for the reconstruction of three-dimensional (3-D) positron emission tomography (PET) data. A rebinning algorithm is one that first sorts the 3-D data into an ordinary two-dimensional (2-D) data set containing one sinogram for each transaxial slice to be reconstructed; the 3-D image is then recovered by(More)
A method for automatic volume segmentation of functional imaging based on a relationship between source-to-background ratio and the iso-activity level to be used is described. Such method, which has been established with radioactive spheres in a phantom, is independent of the a priori knowledge of the lesion of interest and is valid for small (>2 ml) and/or(More)
The high computational cost of data processing in volume PET imaging is still hindering the routine application of this successful technique, especially in the case of dynamic studies. This paper describes two new algorithms based on an exact rebinning equation, which can be applied to accelerate the processing of three-dimensional (3-D) PET data. The first(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In radiotherapy planning of head and neck tumors, coregistration of various anatomical (e.g. CT and MRI) and functional (e.g. PET) images is a promising way to improve the delineation of the target volumes. In this paper, we report data on accuracy, reproducibility and consistency of an interactive coregistration procedure in a(More)
The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and metabolic rate for glucose (rCMRGlc) are associated with functional activity of the neural cells. The present work reports a comparison study between rCBF and rCMRGlc in a normal population as a function of age. 10 young (25.9+/-5.6 years) and 10 old (65.4+/-6.1 years) volunteers were similarly studied at rest. In(More)
As a first approach to study the effect of early visual deprivation in the GABA-ergic inhibitory system, the distribution of benzodiazepine receptors (BZR) was accurately estimated using [11C]flumazenil ([11C]FMZ). Measurements were carried out in five subjects who became blind early in life and in five sighted control subjects. The interactions between(More)
The creatine kinase reaction has been studied by 31P NMR in exercising human calf muscle. Quantitative analysis of high energy phosphates and saturation transfer study of the creatine kinase flux in the direction of ATP synthesis (Vfor) were performed at rest and during exercise. As expected, exercise induced a [PCr] decrease (from 28.5 +/- 0.9 to 21.9 +/-(More)
Research Tomograph (HRRT) dedicated brain PET scanner [1] installed at Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet) was measured using a point-source phantom with high statistics. Further, it was demonstrated how the newly developed 3D-OSEM PSF reconstruction can improve the resolution in reconstructed images with high signal-to-noise-ratios [2], [3].
The resting brain metabolism was estimated in six children suffering from a right congenital hemiplegia (CH) of subcortical origin. This estimate was based on the 18F-labeled 2-deoxy-2-fluoro-d-glucose (FDG) uptake measured by means of positron emission tomography and compared, using statistical parametric mapping (SPM99), with that of six control subjects.(More)
Whole-body fluorine-18 fluoro-2-d-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is widely used in clinical centres for diagnosis, staging and therapy monitoring in oncology. Images are usually not corrected for attenuation since filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction methods require a 10 to 15-min transmission scan per bed position on most(More)