Meredith Y Smith

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The stressor criterion for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been recently modified to include life-threatening illnesses, such as cancer, as precipitating traumatic events. We sought to examine the empiric evidence for cancer's inclusion as a traumatic stressor. Nine published studies assessing PTSD in cancer survivors and/or family members were(More)
Life-threatening illness now qualifies as a precipitating stessor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We examined the validity of the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C; Weathers, Litz, Herman, Juska, & Keane, 1993), a brief 17-item inventory of PTSD-like symptoms, in a sample of 111 adults who had undergone bone marrow transplantation an average(More)
Previous work by Serlin and colleagues [Serlin R C, Mendoza T R, Nakamura Y, Edwards K R, Cleeland C S. When is cancer pain mild, moderate, or severe? Grading pain severity by its interference with function. Pain 1995;61:277-84] established cutpoints for mild, moderate, and severe cancer pain based on the pain's level of interference with function. Recent(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability, validity and responsiveness of a health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instrument, the Medical Outcomes Short-Form 20-ltem General Health Survey (MOS SF-20), in a sample of women with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Longitudinal data were collected on 202 HIV-infected women without AIDS who(More)
Since 1981, the Centers for Disease Control has collaborated with State health departments and the District of Columbia to conduct random digit-dialed telephone surveys of adults concerning their health practices and behaviors. This State-based surveillance system, which yields data needed in planning, initiating, and supporting health promotion and disease(More)
Pain is a common and pervasive symptom for persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Individuals with persistent pain are known to be at heightened risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety disorder that manifests itself following exposure to a traumatic event. Moreover, research suggests that patients with persistent(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the impact of a brief pain communication/education intervention on patient outcomes in breast cancer. We hypothesized that our intervention would improve patient communication and reduce misconceptions ("Barriers") concerning pain management, and that patients with lower Barriers, or who perceived their physician as being more(More)
The primary care visit represents an important venue for intervening with a large population of smokers. However, physician adherence to the Smoking Cessation Clinical Guideline (5As) remains low. We evaluated the effectiveness of a computer-tailored intervention designed to increase smoking cessation counseling by primary care physicians. Physicians and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a modified version of the Perceived Involvement in Care Scale (M-PICS), a measure designed to assess pain patients' perceptions of patient health care provider communication during the medical consultation. Eighty-seven breast cancer outpatients with persistent pain completed a battery(More)
The psychometric properties of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), a widely used measure of pain and its impact on functioning, were assessed using data from two clinical trials of controlled-release oxycodone in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Specifically, the pain-related functional interference subscale and the sleep item from that subscale were examined. In(More)