Meredith E. Pugh

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Chronic, unresolved thromboemboli are an important cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH) with specific treatment strategies differing from other types of PH. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is classified as group 4 PH by the World Health Organization. It is a rare, but underdiagnosed, complication of acute pulmonary embolism that does(More)
Persistent neutrophilic meningitis presents a diagnostic challenge, because the differential diagnosis is broad and includes atypical infectious causes. We describe a case of persistent neutrophilic meningitis due to Aspergillus fumigatus in an immunocompetent man who had no evidence of sinopulmonary or cutaneous disease. An epidural glucocorticoid(More)
BACKGROUND Animal and human data suggest insulin resistance is common in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Although routine assessment of insulin resistance is difficult, hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) is a sensitive test to detect diabetes mellitus (DM) and those at high risk for DM. We aimed to define the prevalence of elevated HbA(1c) in PAH patients(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension and associated right ventricular (RV) dysfunction are important determinants of morbidity and mortality, which are optimally characterized by invasive hemodynamic measurements. OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether metabolite profiling could identify plasma signatures of right ventricular-pulmonary vascular(More)
BACKGROUND The 6-min walk test, commonly used to assess exercise capacity and response to therapy in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), has many well-described limitations. Sedentary time is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and reduced quality of life, and measuring sedentary time and physical activity using accelerometry is another(More)
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension have increased prevalence of insulin resistance. We aimed to determine whether metabolic defects are associated with bone morphogenic protein receptor type 2 (Bmpr2) mutations in mice, and whether these may contribute to pulmonary vascular disease development. Metabolic phenotyping was performed on transgenic(More)
Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and adipokine dysregulation are now implicated in hypertensive pulmonary vascular disease (1–3). Even in nonobese humans with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), the prevalence of insulin resistance is nearly 50% (1,2), suggesting a link between glucose dysregulation and IPAH. Additionally, IPAH(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease of the pulmonary vasculature, ultimately resulting in right heart failure and death. This disease is strongly predominant in females, although little is known regarding how sex influences disease development. Recent developments highlighting the importance of estrogen metabolites in both animal(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms of right ventricular (RV) failure in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are poorly understood. Abnormalities in fatty acid (FA) metabolism have been described in experimental models of PAH, but systemic and myocardial FA metabolism has not been studied in human PAH. METHODS AND RESULTS We used human blood, RV tissue, and(More)