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BACKGROUND Prior research yielded conflicting results about the magnitude of the association between body mass index (BMI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS Framingham Offspring participants (n = 2,676; 52% women; mean age, 43 years) free of stage 3 CKD at baseline who participated in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Fatty liver is the hepatic manifestation of obesity, but community-based assessment of fatty liver among unselected patients is limited. We sought to determine the feasibility of and optimal protocol for quantifying fat content in the liver in the Framingham Heart Study using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scanning. METHODS(More)
Body fat distribution, particularly centralized obesity, is associated with metabolic risk above and beyond total adiposity. We performed genome-wide association of abdominal adipose depots quantified using computed tomography (CT) to uncover novel loci for body fat distribution among participants of European ancestry. Subcutaneous and visceral fat were(More)
Microalbuminuria is a common condition associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality. Abdominal obesity is associated with microalbuminuria, but studies linking visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and microalbuminuria are limited. Our objective was to determine the associations of albuminuria with VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important public health problem with a genetic component. We performed genome-wide association studies in up to 130,600 European ancestry participants overall, and stratified for key CKD risk factors. We uncovered 6 new loci in association with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), the primary clinical measure of(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction is prevalent in individuals with end-stage renal disease. Whether endothelial dysfunction is present in patients with moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD) is uncertain. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS Brachial reactivity measurements were obtained during the seventh examination cycle in(More)
Reduced glomerular filtration rate defines chronic kidney disease and is associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), combining data across 133,413 individuals with replication in up to 42,166 individuals. We identify 24 new and(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of interstitial fibrosis and lipofuscin in endomyocardial biopsies may indicate the chronicity of heart failure. Fibrosis is known to increase in the failing heart. Lipofuscin increases with age, but its relationship to heart function is unknown. This study investigated whether lipofuscin or fibrosis had predictive utility in(More)
Elevated concentrations of albumin in the urine, albuminuria, are a hallmark of diabetic kidney disease and are associated with an increased risk for end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular events. To gain insight into the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying albuminuria, we conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies and independent(More)
In conducting genome-wide association studies (GWAS), analytical approaches leveraging biological information may further understanding of the pathophysiology of clinical traits. To discover novel associations with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of kidney function, we developed a strategy for integrating prior biological knowledge(More)