Mercedes Zumárraga

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The objectives of this study were to evaluate the oral health of a group of schizophrenic outpatients and a control group without psychiatric illness. The study also aimed to assess the influence of positive and negative symptomatology on oral health among outpatients with schizophrenia. The DMF-T Index (sum of decayed, missing and filled teeth) and the(More)
The dopamine metabolite, homovanillic acid, decreases in concentration in plasma between 8:30 A.M. and 12:30 P.M. In patients with schizophrenia this cyclic change is attenuated by chronic neuroleptic treatment; however, if the 8 A.M. dose of neuroleptic is omitted, the decrease in level occurs. Presuming that neuroleptics attenuate the decline through a(More)
Fourteen schizophrenic subjects were evaluated for degree of psychosis before and after treatment with the antipsychotic drug haloperidol and for plasma homovanillic acid concentration after four and 28 days of treatment. A significant correlation was found between an increase in homovanillic acid concentration on day 4 or a decrease from day 4 to day 28(More)
Several findings suggest that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) may be a useful tool to treat parkinsonism by acting as a neuroprotective and neurotrophic factor for dopaminergic neurotransmission systems. In the present study, we implanted alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate microcapsules containing immobilized Fischer rat 3T3 fibroblasts(More)
UNLABELLED We examined the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) Val108/158Met genotype in 160 type 1 bipolar patients. We also analyzed the plasma concentrations of homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylenglycol (MHPG) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in 60 of those patients who had been without mood stabilizers or neuroleptic treatment(More)
Metabolites of dopamine and norepinephrine measured in the plasma have long been associated with symptomatic severity and response to treatment in schizophrenic, bipolar and other psychiatric patients. Plasma concentrations of catecholamine metabolites are genetically regulated. The genes encoding enzymes that are involved in the synthesis and degradation(More)
We have determined the plasma (p) concentration of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA), and the pHVA/pGABA ratio in schizophrenic and bipolar patients. The research was undertaken in a geographic area with an ethnically homogeneous population. The HVA plasma concentrations were significantly elevated in the(More)
The relation between changes in the levels of plasma homovanillic acid (pHVA) and clinical evolution during neuroleptic treatment of schizophrenic patients has not been satisfactorily characterized, as a number of conflicting findings have been reported. Significant correlations have generally been found using the assessment of positive symptoms as an index(More)