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Potassium-stimulated catecholamine release from superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells (70 mM K+ in the presence of 2 mM Ca2+ for 10 s, applied at 5-min intervals) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine furnidipine (3 microM) by 50%. omega-Conotoxin MVIIC (CTx-MVIIC, 3 microM) also reduced the secretory response by about half. Combined CTx-MVIIC plus(More)
Catecholamine release from bovine adrenal medulla chromaffin cells superfused with a Krebs-N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid solution was monitored on-line with an electrochemical detector. Caffeine (10 mM) progressively depressed the magnitude of secretory responses to depolarizing pulses of 70 mM K+ and 2 mM Ca2+ (70 K+/2 Ca2+) in cells(More)
ITH33/IQM9.21 is a novel compound belonging to a family of glutamic acid derivatives, synthesized under the hypothesis implying that multitarget ligands may provide more efficient neuroprotection than single-targeted compounds. In rat hippocampal slices, oxygen plus glucose deprivation followed by re-oxygenation (OGD/Reox) elicited 42% cell death. At 1 μM,(More)
Donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine are three drugs with acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-inhibiting activity that are currently being used to treat patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease. We have studied the neuroprotective effects of these drugs, in comparison with nicotine, on cell death caused by beta-amyloid (Abeta) and okadaic acid, two models(More)
Methyllycaconitine (MLA), alpha-conotoxin ImI, and alpha-bungarotoxin inhibited the release of catecholamines triggered by brief pulses of acetylcholine (ACh) (100 microM, 5 s) applied to fast-superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, with IC50s of 100 nM for MLA and 300 nM for alpha-conotoxin ImI and alpha-bungarotoxin. MLA (100 nM), alpha-conotoxin ImI(More)
Toxin-gamma (Tgamma) from the Brazilian scorpion Tityus serrulatus venom caused a concentration- and time-dependent increase in the release of norepinephrine and epinephrine from bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells. Tgamma was approximately 200-fold more potent than veratridine judged from EC50 values, although the maximal secretory efficacy of(More)
The hypothesis that the buffering of Ca(2+) by mitochondria could affect the Ca(2+)-dependent inhibition of voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels, (I(Ca)), was tested in voltage-clamped bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. The protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl-hydrazone (CCCP), the blocker of the Ca(2+) uniporter ruthenium red (RR), and a combination of(More)
Sustained, mild K+ depolarization caused bovine chromaffin cell death through a Ca(2+)-dependent mechanism. During depolarization, Ca(2+) entered preferentially through L-channels to induce necrotic or apoptotic cell death, depending on the duration of the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) signal, as proven by the following. (i) The L-type Ca(2+)(More)
Galantamine is currently used to treat Alzheimer's disease patients; it behaves as a mild blocker of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and has an allosteric modulating action on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In this study, we observed that galantamine prevented cell death induced by the peptide beta-amyloid(1-40) and thapsigargin in the human(More)
Benzothiazepine CGP37157 is widely used as tool to explore the role of mitochondria in cell Ca(2+) handling, by its blocking effect of the mitochondria Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger. Recently, CGP37157 has shown to exhibit neuroprotective properties. In the trend to improve its neuroprotection profile, we have synthesized ITH12505, an isosteric analogue having a(More)