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Prmt5, an arginine methyltransferase, has multiple roles in germ cells, and possibly in pluripotency. Here we show that loss of Prmt5 function is early embryonic-lethal due to the abrogation of pluripotent cells in blastocysts. Prmt5 is also up-regulated in the cytoplasm during the derivation of embryonic stem (ES) cells together with Stat3, where they(More)
In most eukaryotes cytokinesis is brought about by a contractile actin ring located at the division plane. Here, in fission yeast the actin ring was found to be required to generate late-mitotic microtubular structures located at the division plane, and these in turn maintained the medial position of the actin ring. When these microtubular structures were(More)
MYSM1 is a chromatin-binding transcriptional cofactor that deubiquitinates histone H2A. Studies of Mysm1-deficient mice have shown that it is essential for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) function and lymphopoiesis. Human carriers of a rare MYSM1-inactivating mutation display similar lymphopoietic deficiencies. However, the mechanism by which MYSM1 regulates(More)
The transcription factor Oct4 is key in embryonic stem cell identity and reprogramming. Insight into its partners should illuminate how the pluripotent state is established and regulated. Here, we identify a considerably expanded set of Oct4-binding proteins in mouse embryonic stem cells. We find that Oct4 associates with a varied set of proteins including(More)
Some bacteriophages target potentially pathogenic bacteria by exploiting surface-associated virulence factors as receptors. For example, phage have been identified that exhibit specificity for Vi capsule producing Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi. Here we have characterized the Vi-associated E1-typing bacteriophage using a number of molecular approaches.(More)
The Anaphase Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C) in complex with its co-activator Cdc20 is responsible for targeting proteins for ubiquitin-mediated degradation during mitosis. The activity of APC/C-Cdc20 is inhibited during prometaphase by the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC) yet certain substrates escape this inhibition. Nek2A degradation during(More)
The combination of affinity purification with mass spectrometry analysis has become the method of choice for protein complex characterization. With the improved performance of mass spectrometry technology, the sensitivity of the analyses is increasing, probing deeper into molecular interactions and yielding longer lists of proteins. These identify not only(More)
Cystic adenomatoid malformation is an uncommon embryonic developmental abnormality usually diagnosed in neonates and infants. Its presentation in adulthood is rare, with only 27 cases reported up to now. Due to its rarity, it is seldom suspected and adult physicians are not familiar with its clinical and radiologic features. We report two cases of cystic(More)
Microtubules have a central role in cell division and cell polarity in eukaryotic cells. The fission yeast is a useful organism for studying microtubule regulation owing to the highly organised nature of its microtubular arrays. To better understand microtubule dynamics and organisation we carried out a screen that identified over 30 genes whose(More)
Pluripotency and self-renewal, the defining properties of embryonic stem cells, are brought about by transcriptional programs involving an intricate network of transcription factors and chromatin remodeling complexes. The Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylase (NuRD) complex plays a crucial and dynamic role in the regulation of stemness and differentiation.(More)