Mercedes N. López

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Carrageenan-induced paw edema has been described as a local and acute inflammatory process. In fact, little is known about the time course and systemic changes following a carrageenan injection. In this study, we examine the systemic changes that follow carrageenan injection in the paw. Acute inflammation was produced by subplantar injection of carrageenan(More)
Gap junction (GJ) mediates intercellular communication through linked hemichannels from each of two adjacent cells. Using human and mouse models, we show that connexin 43 (Cx43), the main GJ protein in the immune system, was recruited to the immunological synapse during T cell priming as both GJs and stand-alone hemichannels. Cx43 accumulation at the(More)
Immunotherapy has become a novel therapeutic alternative for various kinds of tumours. Recently, we have finalized the first phase I clinical study in Chile for the treatment of advanced malignant melanoma, using dendritic cells (DCs) loaded with allogeneic melanoma cell lysate. This study included 20 patients and the obtained results, pioneer in Latin(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this work was to assess immunologic response, disease progression, and post-treatment survival of melanoma patients vaccinated with autologous dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with a novel allogeneic cell lysate (TRIMEL) derived from three melanoma cell lines. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-three stage IV and seven stage III patients were(More)
Previously, we found that human dendritic cells (hDCs) pulsed with a melanoma cell lysate (MCL) and stimulated with TNF-alpha (MCL/TNF) acquire a mature phenotype in vitro and are able to trigger tumor-specific immune responses when they are used in melanoma immunotherapy in patients. In this study, we describe that MCL/TNF induces gap junction(More)
PURPOSE This study characterizes, biologically and clinically, a novel type of dendritic cells (DC) produced in the short term and called tumor antigen-presenting cells (TAPCells). In particular, we identified factors present in a lysate derived from heat-shocked allogeneic melanoma cells (TRIMEL) that are associated with TAPCells' enhanced capability to(More)
The role of cytokines in modulating the formation of new tumors is mediated by their ability to regulate antigen-specific anti-tumor responses and by the activation of non-specific mechanisms, including those involved in the processes of inflammation and innate resistance. Cytokines may influence the growth of tumors by acting directly on tumor cells as(More)
The ability of dendritic cells (DCs) to trigger tolerance or immunity is dictated by the context in which an antigen is encountered. A large body of evidence indicates that antigen presentation by steady-state DCs induces peripheral tolerance through mechanisms such as the secretion of soluble factors, the clonal deletion of autoreactive T cells, and(More)
PURPOSE Uveal melanoma is the most common primary malignant ocular cancer in adults. This tumor has a distinct expression pattern of markers compared with cutaneous melanoma. MC1R is under study as a potential target for antitumor immunity. Because of the potential immunogenicity of MC1R, it is important to evaluate its expression on uveal melanomas. (More)
Tumor cells treated with IL-10 were shown to have decreased, but peptide-inducible expression of MHC class I, decreased sensitivity to MHC class I-restricted CTL, and increased NK sensitivity. These findings could be explained, at least partially, by a down-regulation of TAP1/TAP2 expression. In this study, IT9302, a nanomeric peptide (AYMTMKIRN),(More)