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PURPOSE An increase in the activity of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) has been correlated with a more malignant phenotype in several tumor models in vitro and in vivo. A key regulatory mechanism of the MAPKs [extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK); c-jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK); and p38] is the dual specificity phosphatase CL100,(More)
We have previously demonstrated that adrenomedullin (AM) plays a critical role as an autocrine/paracrine tumor cell survival factor. We now present evidence that AM is an important regulator of mast cell (MC) function and that this modulation is potentially involved in tumor promotion. AM induced histamine or beta-hexosaminidase release from rat and human(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable, and new drugs with novel mechanisms of action are still needed. In this report, we have analyzed the action of Zalypsis, an alkaloid analogous to certain natural marine compounds, in MM. Zalypsis turned out to be the most potent antimyeloma agent we have tested so far, with IC(50) values from picomolar to low(More)
In the presence of oxygen and iron, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1alpha) is rapidly degraded via the prolyl hydroxylases (PHD)/VHL pathways. Given striking similarities between p53 and HIF-1alpha regulation, we previously suggested that HIF-1 transcriptionally initiates its own degradation and therefore inhibitors of transcription must induce HIF-1alpha.(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenomedullin is a secreted peptide hormone with multiple activities. Several reports have indicated that adrenomedullin may be involved in tumor survival, but this has not been directly shown. Here we evaluate the in vitro and in vivo effects of adrenomedullin overexpression in human breast cancer cells. METHODS The human breast cancer cell(More)
It is an open question whether in multiple myeloma (MM) bone marrow stromal cells contain genomic alterations, which may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. We conducted an array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analysis to compare the extent of unbalanced genomic alterations in mesenchymal stem cells from 21 myeloma patients(More)
Despite recent progress in its treatment, multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable, thus necessitating identification of novel anti-MM agents. We report that the marine-derived cyclodepsipeptide Aplidin exhibits, at clinically achievable concentrations, potent in vitro activity against primary MM tumor cells and a broad spectrum of human MM cell lines,(More)
Recent advances in our understanding of the molecular biology of lymphatic endothelial cells have revealed that these vessels, besides their known function in tissue homeostasis and immunity, constitute conduits for the tumor cells to metastasize. One of the factors that contribute to tumor spread is the acquisition of an angiogenic phenotype as a response(More)
Leptin is a hormone originally identified in adipocytes. It is involved in the regulation of fat deposition and energy expenditure and in other functions, such as reproduction. The presence of leptin has been reported in several reproductive organs. However, few studies have addressed its expression in the ovary. Moreover, the existing information is not(More)
Despite evidence about the implication of the bone marrow (BM) stromal microenvironment in multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth and survival, little is known about the effects of myelomatous cells on BM stromal cells. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from healthy donors (dMSCs) or myeloma patients (pMSCs) were co-cultured with the myeloma cell line MM.1S, and(More)