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OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of maternal circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] concentration with pregnancy and birth outcomes. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Four geographical areas of Spain, 2003-2008. POPULATION Of 2382 mother-child pairs participating in the INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project. METHODS Maternal(More)
Tobacco consumption and exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) are associated with reduced birth weight. One issue that has not been clarified previously is that of the potential higher risk of this outcome in mothers with asthma. We assessed the role of prenatal maternal tobacco use and SHS on reproductive outcomes and assessed the interaction with maternal(More)
PURPOSE To achieve clinical validation of cutoff values for newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry through a worldwide collaborative effort. METHODS Cumulative percentiles of amino acids and acylcarnitines in dried blood spots of approximately 25–30 million normal newborns and 10,742 deidentified true positive cases are compared to assign clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate vitamin D status in mothers during pregnancy may influence the health status of the child later in life. We assessed whether maternal circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations in pregnancy are associated with risk of lower respiratory tract infections, wheezing, and asthma in the offspring. METHODS Data were obtained(More)
Iodine is the main constituent of thyroid hormones, which in turn are required for fetal brain development. However, the relation between iodine intake during pregnancy, thyroid function, and child neurodevelopment needs further evaluation. The authors assessed the association of maternal iodine intake from diet and supplements during pregnancy and of(More)
How did the study come up? The physical, social and intellectual development of children from conception to the end of adolescence requires an environment that is both protected and protective of their health. A growing number of diseases in children are linked to unsafe environments. Pre-natal and early life exposures are associated with child development(More)
INTRODUCTION The fetus is most vulnerable to severe iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism during pregnancy. The effects of mild iodine deficiency and subclinical hypothyroidism are poorly known. The present study assesses the association between thyroid hormones (TH)s and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in healthy pregnant women and the birth weight of(More)
In utero tobacco exposure has been associated with fetal growth restriction, but uncertainty remains about critical windows of exposure and specific effects on body segments. In the present study, we aimed to examine the association of maternal smoking with fetal biometry in different stages of pregnancy. The study population comprised 2,478 fetuses from a(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with smoking and misclassification in pregnant women from INMA (INfancia y Medio Ambiente, Environment and Childhood) project, Spain, and to assess the optimal cut-offs for urinary cotinine (UC) that best distinguish daily and occasional smokers with varying levels of second-hand smoke (SHS)(More)
BACKGROUND Iodine is an essential trace element for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which are keys in maternal metabolism during pregnancy as well as in neurological development during fetal and postnatal life. This was a prospective study on iodine status and thyroid function in women during pregnancy in the Basque country to assess whether there was(More)