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Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare, autosomal-recessive, progressive neurological disease caused by mutations in either the NPC1 gene (in 95% of cases) or the NPC2 gene. This observational, multicentre genetic screening study evaluated the frequency and phenotypes of NP-C in consecutive adult patients with neurological and psychiatric symptoms.(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral folate deficiency (CFD) has been described as a neurological syndrome associated with low 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) values in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with normal folate concentrations in plasma. Our aim was to analyse CSF 5-MTHF concentrations in a paediatric control population and in patients with various neurological(More)
UNLABELLED Our aim was to report a new case with cerebellar ataxia associated with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) deficiency, the biochemical findings caused by this deficiency and the response to CoQ supplementation. PATIENT A 12-year-old girl presenting ataxia and cerebellar atrophy. BIOCHEMICAL STUDIES: Coenzyme Q10 in muscle was analysed by HPLC with(More)
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder presenting five phenotypes: a myopathic form, a severe infantile neurological syndrome associated with nephritic syndrome, an ataxic variant, Leigh syndrome and a pure myopathic form. The third is the most common phenotype related with CoQ deficiency and it will be the focus of this review.(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare neurovisceral disease characterized by progressive neurodegeneration and premature death. We report data recorded at enrolment in an ongoing international NP-C registry initiated in September 2009 to describe disease natural history, clinical course and treatment experience of NP-C patients in clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Antioxidant therapy is a new therapeutical approach for patients with Friedreich ataxia. AIMS To assess the effectiveness of long-term idebenone treatment in Friedreich ataxia patients. METHODS An open-labelled prospective study. Ten paediatric patients (age range 8-18 years) and 14 adults (age range 18-46 years) with genetic diagnosis of(More)
Although patients with low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) serotonin metabolite levels have been reported, inborn errors of the rate-limiting enzyme of serotonin synthesis (tryptophan hydroxylase, TPH) have not been described so far. In this study we aimed to evaluate CSF alterations of the serotonin metabolite 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA) in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare neurovisceral disease characterised by progressive neurological degeneration, where the rate of neurological disease progression varies depending on age at neurological onset. We report longitudinal data on functional disease progression and safety observations in patients in the international NPC(More)
3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase deficiency is a severe but treatable disorder of serine synthesis, first described in 1996 (Jaeken et al. 1996a). The patient presented with West syndrome, severe psychomotor delay, failure to thrive, microcephaly, atypical ocular movements, and pyramidal signs. Treatment with oral L-serine abolished seizures and improved(More)
The reported cases showed clinical, biochemical, histopathological, and molecular features lending support to the hypothesis of a pathogenic effect of the detected mutations. Case 1 was a neonatal presentation who showed multiple mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme defects in muscle associated with a new homoplasmic m.5514A > G transition in the tRNATrp(More)