Mercé Giralt

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Following exercise, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity is increased several fold in rat liver and adipose tissue as well as muscle; however, the mechanism by which this occurs is not known. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is released from muscle in large amounts during and after sustained physical activity resulting in up to 100-fold increases in its plasma(More)
Cyclic GMP (cGMP)-mediated pathways regulate inflammatory responses in immune and CNS cells. Recently, cGMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors such as sildenafil, commonly used to treat sexual dysfunction in humans including multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, have been reported to be neuroprotective in animal models of stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and focal brain(More)
The effects of previous chronic administration of the tricyclic antidepressant drug chlorimipramine (CMI) on some physiological responses of adult male rats to stress has been studied. CMI significantly reduced food intake and body weight gain, but did not alter either adrenal weight or basal serum corticosterone levels. Corticosterone response to 1 h of(More)
CCK released by intraluminal stimuli modifies duodenal activity contributing to a decrease in gastric emptying. However, the neural mechanisms by which CCK controls motility are not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between CCK and the enteric nervous system through the study of the effects of CCK-8 on ascending(More)
The aim of this study was to establish the actions of GLP-1 (7-37) on gastrointestinal motility in rats. We prepared anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats with strain-gauges in the antrum, duodenum and the proximal jejunum and a catheter in the aorta close to the coeliac artery for close infusion of substances. Intraarterial GLP-1 infusions (3 x 10(-10) and 3 x(More)
Our aim was to determine if mucosal mast cells could be activated by endogenous CCK and, as a consequence, mediate CCK actions in the small intestine. Rats were prepared for electromyography to record electrical activity in the small intestine. In another group of animals, the duodenum was perfused to measure rat mast cell protease II (RMCP II) as(More)
We recently reported that administration of the non-selective cyclic GMP-phosphodiesterase (cGMP-PDE) inhibitor zaprinast to cortically cryoinjured rats results three days post-lesion in reduced neuronal cell death that was associated to decreased macrophage/microglial activation and oxidative stress and increased astrogliosis and angiogenesis. Similar(More)
TNF-alpha is linked with insulin resistance, as greater amounts of TNF are detected in muscle and adipose tissue in glycemically challenged people and TNF-alpha inhibits insulin receptor signalling. However, what modulates this overexpression of TNF-alpha is currently unknown. We examined the effect of 1 h exercise on overexpression of the TNF-alpha gene in(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) regulates intestinal motility after being released by several luminal nutrients. However the mechanism of action of CCK is still not well known. The aim of our study was to establish the mechanism of action of CCK in the rat intestine using an in vivo model and focusing on the nervous pathways involved in the response as well as type(More)
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