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Sphingomyelin (SPH) content and composition in different regions of the brain were analyzed in 2.5, 21.5 and 26.5-month-old rats. SPH content increased in the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum and medulla oblongata plus pons as age increased. The highest SPH content was observed in 26.5-month-old rats, with values increasing by 1.74, 2.75 and 0.88-fold,(More)
Morphological and biochemical changes take place in the membrane of aged brain. In particular, studies on aged rats report alterations in brain phospholipid synthesis and in phospholipid-specific fatty acid composition. However, no significant changes in main phospholipid class content have been reported in aged brain, possibly owing to alterations in the(More)
Phenotypic modulation (PM) of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is central to the process of intimal hyperplasia which constitutes a common pathological lesion in occlusive vascular diseases. Changes in the functional expression of Kv1.5 and Kv1.3 currents upon PM in mice VSMCs have been found to contribute to cell migration and proliferation. Using(More)
Deletions/duplications in the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene account for 60 to 70% of all alterations. A new technique, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), has been described that allows the detection of large genetic rearrangements by simultaneous amplification of up to 45 target sequences. The present article is based on the(More)
Artery wall remodeling, a major feature of diseases such as hypertension, restenosis, atherosclerosis, and aneurysm, involves changes in the tunica media mass that reduce or increase the vessel lumen. The identification of molecules involved in vessel remodeling could aid the development of improved treatments for these pathologies. Angiotensin II (AngII)(More)
Breast cancer is a group of clinically, histopathologically and molecularly heterogeneous diseases, with different outcomes and responses to treatment. Triple-negative (TN) breast cancers are defined as tumors that lack the expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor 2. This subgroup accounts for 15% of all(More)
After endothelial injury, the transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) translocates into the cell nucleus to regulate a variety of target genes involved in angiogenesis, vascular repair and remodeling, including components of the membrane transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) receptor complex such as endoglin and activin receptor-like kinase 1.(More)
Lipid metabolism in photoreceptor rod outer segments has attracted considerable attention because of its importance in providing the appropriate environment for supporting an efficient phototransduction mechanism. Recent studies suggest that lipid metabolism in these membranes is involved in the generation of second messengers and in signal transduction(More)
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