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The role of attention in speech comprehension is not well understood. We used fMRI to study the neural correlates of auditory word, pseudoword, and nonspeech (spectrally rotated speech) perception during a bimodal (auditory, visual) selective attention task. In three conditions, Attend Auditory (ignore visual), Ignore Auditory (attend visual), and Visual(More)
Little is known about the neural mechanisms that control attentional modulation of deviance detection in the auditory modality. In this study, we manipulated the difficulty of a primary task to test the relation between task difficulty and the detection of infrequent, task-irrelevant deviant (D) tones (1,300 Hz) presented among repetitive standard (S) tones(More)
BACKGROUND The mesocorticolimbic dopamine system is implicated in motivation and reward and may be involved in the development of alcoholism. METHODS We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to study the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response to alcohol-related olfactory stimuli (AROS; odors of beer and whiskey) and non-alcohol-related(More)
This study examined the effects of sleep onset-the transition from a waking, conscious state to one of sleep and unconsciousness-on the mismatch negativity (MMN) following frequency deviants when a rapid rate of stimulus presentation is employed. The MMN is thought to reflect a brief-lasting sensory memory. Rapid rates of stimulus presentation should guard(More)
In the visual modality, perceptual demand on a goal-directed task has been shown to modulate the extent to which irrelevant information can be disregarded at a sensory-perceptual stage of processing. In the auditory modality, the effect of perceptual demand on neural representations of task-irrelevant sounds is unclear. We compared simultaneous ERPs and(More)
Whether and how working memory disrupts or alters auditory selective attention is unclear. We compared simultaneous event-related potentials (ERP) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) responses associated with task-irrelevant sounds across high and low working memory load in a dichotic-listening paradigm. Participants performed n-back tasks(More)
Neuroimaging studies suggest that piriform cortex is activated at least in part by sniffing. We used H(2)(15)O positron emission tomography (PET) to study 15 healthy volunteers while they participated in four conditions, two of which were sniffing odorants and odorless air. The remaining two conditions involved a constant, very low flow of either odorized(More)
An auditory event-related potential component, the mismatch negativity (MMN), reflects automatic change detection and its prerequisite, sensory memory. This study examined the neural correlates of automatic change detection using BOLD fMRI and two rates of presentation previously shown to induce either a large or no MMN. A boxcar block design was employed(More)
Neuroanatomical models hypothesize a role for the dorsal auditory pathway in phonological processing as a feedforward efferent system (Davis and Johnsrude, 2007; Rauschecker and Scott, 2009; Hickok et al., 2011). But the functional organization of the pathway, in terms of time course of interactions between auditory, somatosensory, and motor regions, and(More)
Detecting changes in a stream of sensory information is vital to animals and humans. While there have been several studies of automatic change detection in various sensory modalities, olfactory change detection is largely unstudied. We investigated brain regions responsive to both passive and active detection of olfactory change using fMRI. Nine(More)