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During recent years genes for more than 20 different carotenogenic enzymes have been cloned from various organisms: bacteria, cyanobacteria, fungi, algae and plants. This accomplishment has provided new molecular tools to study the enzymes and yielded new information on their structure, function and regulation. We describe here the recent progress in the(More)
It is well accepted that tumor microenvironment is essential for tumor cells survival, cancer progression and metastasis. However, the mechanisms by which tumor cells interact with their surrounding at early stages of cancer development are largely unidentified. The aim of this study was to identify specific molecules involved in stromal-epithelial(More)
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer in men, and there is no available cure for patients with advanced disease. In vitro model systems are urgently required to permit the study of human prostate cell differentiation and malignant transformation. Unfortunately, human prostate cells are particularly difficult to convert into(More)
Sialylation of tumor cells is involved in various aspects of their malignancy (proliferation, motility, invasion, and metastasis); however, its effect on the process of immunoediting that affects tumor cell immunogenicity has not been studied. We have shown that in mice with impaired immunoediting, such as in IL-1α(-/-) and IFNγ(-/-) mice,(More)
There is increasing evidence localizes the mitochondrial chaperone heat shock protein (HSP)60, outside the cell, where it mediates interactions between immune cells and other body tissues. However, the mechanisms by which HSP60 is secreted into the extracellular environment are not fully understood. Recent studies have shown that HSP60 is actively released(More)
Myocardin is known as an important transcriptional regulator in smooth and cardiac muscle development. Here we found that myocardin is frequently repressed during human malignant transformation, contributing to a differentiation defect. We demonstrate that myocardin is a transcriptional target of TGFbeta required for TGFbeta-mediated differentiation of(More)
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