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This study aims to investigate the effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) on rat kidney cortex histology. Oral exposure of rats to 2,4-D for 28 days resulted in decreases in body weight gain and kidney weight. Histological examination showed degeneration in renal corpuscles and podocytes; vacuolization in the glomerulus with disintegration of the(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals are important components of gastrointestinal injury in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In the present investigation, we examined the protective actions of L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase substrate, and L-carnitine against hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) induced NEC in young mice. Young mice were divided into four groups: group(More)
Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is one of the most prevalent skeletal abnormalities in avian species, causing enormous economic losses and major animal welfare problems. Irregular cell differentiation of the chondrocytes that populate the growth plate has been hypothesized to be involved in the etiology of the disease. We evaluated the effect of incubation(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a multifactorial syndrome in the neonate. Enteral feeding practices are an important component of gastrointestinal injury in neonatal NEC. In the present study, we examined the protective effect of oral supplementation with L-glutamine, an important specific fuel for the enterocytes, against(More)
The preservatives benzalkonium chloride (BZC) and potassium sorbate (PS) are widely used in the formulation of nasal drops and cosmetics. Recently, a number of side effects that resulted from mucosal irritation caused by BZC and PS have been reported. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate the possible clinical and histological alterations(More)
Current data concerning the effects of maternal epileptic phenomena on newborns are limited. In clinical practice, therefore, it is difficult to suggest proper guidelines on this issue. This study was carried out to investigate the morphological changes in the hippocampus of newborn pups of rats subjected to experimental epilepsy during pregnancy. Eighteen(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the changes in endometrium and serum leptin levels during the periimplantation period of the ovum in the rat in response to exogenous ovarian stimulation by hMG and recombinant FSH (rFSH). DESIGN Experimental animal study. SETTING University hospital. INTERVENTION(S) A total of 100 female rats were stimulated with low and high(More)
Recent knowledge regarding the effect of epileptic seizures in pregnant women on newborns was limited and, therefore, it was difficult to suggest the proper clinical guidelines and to take precautions against it. Studies evaluating the morphological effects of epileptic seizure during pregnancy on newborns in various experimental models are valuable.(More)
Although it has been demonstrated that maternal epilepsy has some harmful effects on newborn individuals, current data concerning the effects of epileptic phenomena in pregnant mothers on newborn pups are still limited. This study was undertaken to investigate the changes in the cerebellum of newborns of pinealectomized rats subjected to experimental(More)