Mera S. Barr

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Gamma (gamma) oscillations (30-50 Hz) elicited during working memory (WM) are altered in schizophrenia (SCZ). However, the nature of the relationship between evoked frontal oscillatory activity, WM performance and symptom severity has yet to be ascertained. This study had two objectives. First, to extend previous studies by examining delta, theta, alpha,(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that cortical inhibition (CI) can be recorded by paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex and recorded by surface electromyography (EMG). However, recording CI from other cortical regions that are more closely associated with the pathophysiology of some neurological and psychiatric disorders (eg,(More)
BACKGROUND Working memory represents a core cognitive domain that is impaired in schizophrenia for which there are currently no satisfactory treatments. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) targeted over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has been shown to modulate neurophysiological mechanisms linked to working memory in schizophrenia and(More)
Gamma (gamma)-oscillations (30-50 Hz) represent important electrophysiological measures, which are generated through the execution of higher order cognitive tasks (eg, working memory) in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). By contrast, cortical inhibition (CI) refers to a neurophysiological process in which GABAergic inhibitory interneurons(More)
Neuronal oscillations in the gamma (gamma) frequency range (30-50 Hz) have been associated with cognition. Working memory (WM), a cognitive task involving the on-line maintenance and manipulation of information, elicits increases in gamma oscillations with greater cognitive demand, particularly in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). The generation(More)
OBJECTIVE Working memory is associated with gamma oscillations (30-50 Hz). Previous studies have demonstrated altered gamma oscillations in the elderly population that may be related to general cognitive decline. However, it is unknown how gamma oscillations change with age or if there is an age when gamma oscillations optimally mediate working memory(More)
BACKGROUND The corpus callosum, the main interhemispheric connection in the brain, may serve to preserve functional asymmetry between homologous cortical regions. METHODS To test this hypothesis, 30 healthy adult subjects underwent combined transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-electroencephalography procedures. Nineteen of these subjects also completed(More)
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several psychiatric illnesses including major depressive disorder and schizophrenia. In this regard, the DLPFC has been targeted in repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) studies as a form of treatment to those patients who are resistant to medications. The(More)
Cortical inhibition (CI) is measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combined with electromyography (EMG) through long-interval CI (LICI) and cortical silent period (CSP) paradigms. Recently, we illustrated that LICI can be measured from the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) through combined TMS with electroencephalography (EEG). We further(More)
Studies of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia (SCH) have revealed reduced hippocampal volumes, but findings have been inconsistent due to sample and measurement differences. The current study sought to measure this structure in a large sample of MDD, SCH, and healthy subjects, using a strict measurement protocol, to elucidate(More)