Mentor Sopjani

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The Tau-tubulin-kinase 2 (TTBK2) is a serine/threonine kinase expressed in various tissues including tumors. Up-regulation of TTBK2 increases resistance of tumor cells against antiangiogenic treatment and confers cell survival. Tumor cell survival critically depends on cellular uptake of glucose, which is partially accomplished by SGLT1 (SLC5A1) mediated(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), an energy-sensing enzyme, counteracts energy depletion by stimulation of energy production and limitation of energy utilization. On energy depletion, erythrocytes undergo suicidal death or eryptosis, triggered by an increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) activity ([Ca(2+)](i)) and characterized by cell shrinkage and(More)
The Janus-activated kinase-2 JAK2 is involved in the signaling of leptin and erythropoietin receptors and mediates neuroprotective effects of the hormones. In theory, JAK2 could be effective through modulation of the glutamate transporters, carriers accounting for the clearance of glutamate released during neurotransmission. The present study thus(More)
The suicidal death of erythrocytes, eryptosis, is characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling leading to phosphatidylserine exposure at the erythrocyte surface. Erythrocyte cell membrane scrambling is stimulated by increase of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) and formation of ceramide. Phosphatidylserine (PS) exposing cells are(More)
The inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1 participates in the maintenance of the cell membrane potential in a variety of cells including neurons and cardiac myocytes. Mutations of KCNJ2 encoding Kir2.1 underlie the Andersen-Tawil syndrome, a rare disorder clinically characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia and skeletal abnormalities. The(More)
The heterotetrameric K(+)-channel KCNQ1/KCNE1 is expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, liver and several epithelia including the renal proximal tubule. In the heart, it contributes to the repolarization of cardiomyocytes. The repolarization is impaired in ischemia. Ischemia stimulates the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a serine/threonine kinase,(More)
The energy sensing AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates cellular and whole-body energy balance through stimulating catabolic ATP-generating and suppressing anabolic ATP-consuming pathways thereby helping cells survive during energy depletion. The kinase has previously been reported to be either directly or indirectly involved in the regulation of(More)
The glutamate transporters EAAT3 and EAAT4 are expressed in neurons. They contribute to the cellular uptake of glutamate and aspartate and thus to the clearance of the excitatory transmitters from the extracellular space. During ischemia, extracellular accumulation of glutamate may trigger excitotoxicity. Energy depletion leads to activation of the(More)
Tumor cells utilize preferably glucose for energy production. They accomplish cellular glucose uptake in part through Na(+)-coupled glucose transport mediated by SGLT1 (SLC5A1). This study explored the possibility that the human papillomavirus 18 E6 protein HPV18 E6 (E6) participates in the stimulation of SGLT1 activity. E6 is one of the two major(More)
Vanadium, a trace element, as vanadate (VO4(3-)) is known to interfere with a wide variety of enzymes including Ca2+ ATPase and Na+/+ ATPase. VO4(3-) is excreted mainly via the kidney. In renal insufficiency, the impaired VO4(3-) excretion leads to VO4(3-) accumulation in blood.The present study explored the effect of VO4(3-) on eryptosis, the suicidal(More)