Menno C van Zelm

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The contribution of proliferation to B lymphocyte homeostasis and antigen responses is largely unknown. We quantified the replication history of mouse and human B lymphocyte subsets by calculating the ratio between genomic coding joints and signal joints on kappa-deleting recombination excision circles (KREC) of the IGK-deleting rearrangement. This approach(More)
The vast majority of patients suffering from a primary immunodeficiency (PID) have defects in their T- and/or B-cell compartments. Despite advances in molecular diagnostics, in many patients no underlying genetic defect has been identified. B- and T-lymphocytes are unique in their ability to create a receptor by genomic rearrangement of their antigen(More)
To the Editor: In a recent issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine, Thomas Rothstein and colleagues, a group with long-standing expertise in the field of mouse B1 cells, reported the description of a B1 B cell subset in human blood, a population that has thus far eluded identification (Griffin et al., 2011). Mouse B1 cells are the main constituents of(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein (WASp) regulates the cytoskeleton in hematopoietic cells and mutations in its gene cause the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS), a primary immunodeficiency with microthrombocytopenia, eczema and a higher susceptibility to develop tumors. Autoimmune manifestations, frequently observed in WAS patients, are associated with an(More)
Primary immunodeficiency disorders enable identification of genes with crucial roles in the human immune system. Here we study patients suffering from recurrent bacterial, viral and Cryptosporidium infections, and identify a biallelic mutation in the MAP3K14 gene encoding NIK (NF-κB-inducing kinase). Loss of kinase activity of mutant NIK, predicted by in(More)
Antibody responses are thought to play an important role in control of Schistosoma infections, yet little is known about the phenotype and function of B cells in human schistosomiasis. We set out to characterize B cell subsets and B cell responses to B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor 9 stimulation in Gabonese schoolchildren with Schistosoma haematobium(More)
During B cell development, the precursor B cell receptor (pre-BCR) checkpoint is thought to increase immunoglobulin κ light chain (Igκ) locus accessibility to the V(D)J recombinase. Accordingly, pre-B cells lacking the pre-BCR signaling molecules Btk or Slp65 showed reduced germline V(κ) transcription. To investigate whether pre-BCR signaling modulates V(κ)(More)
BACKGROUND B-cell depletion can improve a variety of chronic inflammatory diseases, but does not appear beneficial for patients with Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the involvement of B cells in Crohn's disease, we here performed an 'in depth' analysis of intestinal and blood B-cells in this chronic inflammatory disease. METHODS Patients with(More)
A commentary on Abnormalities of thymic stroma may contribute to immune dysregulation in murine models of leaky severe combined immunodeficiency Genetic defects in the recombination activating genes, RAG1 and RAG2 are known to impair V(D)J recombination in developing B and T-cells, thereby causing T-B-severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) (1).(More)
K ohler and Milstein's 1 description of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in 1975 revolutionised immunology. With the advent of hybridoma technology, immunologists started to produce an ever increasing number of mAbs directed against leukocyte cell-surface molecules. Inevitably, several mAbs produced by different laboratories and given independent names(More)