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BACKGROUND Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) blockade using infliximab, a chimeric anti-TNFalpha antibody, is an effective treatment for both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). OBJECTIVE To analyse the early effects of infliximab treatment on serial skin and synovial tissue biopsy samples. METHODS Twelve patients with both active psoriasis(More)
The current understanding of the function of natural killer (NK) T cells in innate immunity and their potential to control acquired specific immunity, as well as the remarkable efficacy of antitumour necrosis factor-alpha biological treatments in psoriasis, forces us to refine the current T-cell hypothesis of psoriasis pathogenesis, and to give credit to(More)
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a distinctive manifestation in nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) patients. Both inherited and acquired mutations of patched 1 (PTCH1), a tumor-suppressor gene controlling the activity of Smoothened (SMO), are the primary cause of the constitutive activation of the Hedgehog (HH) pathway, leading to the emergence of(More)
BACKGROUND Methotrexate and cyclosporine are well-known systemic therapies for moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial comparing methotrexate and cyclosporine in terms of effectiveness, side effects, and the quality of life. METHODS A total of 88 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is increasingly used as a noninvasive treatment for nodular basal cell carcinoma (BCC), without a sound evidence base. OBJECTIVE To compare topical PDT, with the use of the sensitizer methyl aminolevulinate, and standard excision surgery in nodular BCC. DESIGN Prospective, randomized study. SETTING University(More)
Topical photochemotherapy with psoralen and its derivatives 4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen (TMP) and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), with UVA irradiation, was evaluated with regard to minimum phototoxic dose, concentration, timing of UVA irradiation and systemic and local side-effects, in healthy volunteers. Psoralen (0.005%) in aqueous gel was found to be superior to(More)
BACKGROUND Effective treatment modalities for systemic sclerosis, a life-threatening and disabling disease, are still lacking. Possible efficacy of photopheresis has been reported in several studies. Because of the complexity of the treatment, placebo-controlled trials are difficult to perform. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of photopheresis on(More)
Sera from 40 patients with febrile, nonhemolytic transfusion reactions were tested for the presence of alloantibodies using a number of techniques, including immuno-fluorescence tests on granulocytes, lymphocytes and platelets, a modified NIH lymphocytotoxicity test and the leukocyte agglutination test. Cells of at least 9 donors were used as target cells.(More)
Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are inflammatory diseases that respond well to anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha therapy. To evaluate the effects of anti-tumour necrosis factor-alpha treatment on expression of adhesion molecules and angiogenesis in psoriatic lesional skin and synovial tissue, we performed a prospective single-centre study with infliximab(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic scaling and inflammatory skin disease that can affect patients' quality of life and daily functioning. We studied the scores of 85 patients suffering from moderate to severe plaque-type psoriasis, participating in a randomized controlled trial. We compared their scores on a generic quality-of-life instrument with data from two(More)