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BACKGROUND & AIMS The HLA class II gene DQB1*0301 has been linked to several cancers. This study was designed to determine if HLA-DQB1*0301 is present at altered frequency in patients with gastric, colorectal, or pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS Oligotyping for HLA-DQB1*0301 was performed for 159 Caucasian patients with 160 gastrointestinal(More)
Oklahoma Indians with NIDDM (n = 1012) underwent a baseline examination in 1972-1980. The incidence of and risk factors for first lower-extremity amputation were estimated. The mortality rates of amputees using data from 875 patients who had no previous history of amputation and who underwent follow-up examination between 1987 and 1991 are presented. The(More)
Class IA phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is essential for clonal expansion, differentiation, and effector function of B and T lymphocytes. The p110δ catalytic isoform of PI3K is highly expressed in lymphocytes and plays a prominent role in B and T cell responses. Another class IA PI3K catalytic isoform, p110α, is a promising drug target in cancer but(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence rates and risk factors for development of diabetic retinopathy in Oklahoma Indians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Cohort follow-up study with baseline examination between 1972 and 1980 and follow-up examination between 1987 and 1991. Mean +/- SD follow-up time was 12.8 +/- 1.7 yr. Eleven Indian Health Service facilities(More)
Alpinia galanga, or galangal, has been a popular condiment used in Thai and Asian cuisine for many years. However, relatively little is known of the potential beneficial or adverse health effects of this spice. This study was conducted to analyze the capacity of galangal extract to induce cytotoxicity and DNA damage in six different human cell lines(More)
The incidence of and risk factors for renal failure were determined in 912 Oklahoma Indians with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in a follow-up study conducted between 1987 and 1990. The incidence rate was 15.7/1,000 person-years after an average follow-up time of 10.2 years. Among those who had no qualitatively positive proteinuria at baseline, the(More)
To determine the incidence of and risk factors for the development of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) in Oklahoma Indians, we performed a cohort follow-up study of 927 Indians who underwent detailed eye examinations between 1972 and 1980. The mean age of participants was 52 yr with a duration of diabetes of 6.9 yr at baseline. At follow-up, 513(More)
PURPOSE To compare fundus photography with ophthalmoscopy in the detection of diabetic retinopathy. METHODS Ophthalmoscopy and fundus photographs with a nonmydriatic camera, both performed through dilated pupils, were compared to diagnose retinopathy in a cohort of 410 Oklahoma Indians with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. A total of 795 eyes were(More)
Berberrubine is an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Berberis vulgaris L, and it is readily derived from berberine. In this study, a sensitive and selective ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the determination of berberrubine in rat plasma and mouse tissue has been developed. Magnoflorine was employed(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma patients who carry the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) Class II allele DQB1*0301 have an increased frequency of metastases at presentation compared with those lacking HLA-DQB1*0301. This study was designed to determine whether HLA-DQB1*0301 is associated with an increased risk of recurrence in melanoma patients presenting with American(More)