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Artemisinin is widely used as an antimalarial drug around the world. Artemisinic aldehyde Δ11(13) reductase (DBR2) is a key enzyme which reduces artemisinic aldehyde to dihydroartemisinic aldehyde in the biosynthesis of artemisinin. In this study, two fragments encompassing a putative promoter of DBR2, designated as DBR2pro1 and DBR2pro2, were isolated(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in plant development and environmental stress response. In this study, we cloned an ABA receptor orthologue, AaPYL9, from Artemisia annua L. AaPYL9 is expressed highly in leaf and flower. AaPYL9 protein can be localized in both nucleus and cytoplasm. Yeast two-hybrid assay shows AaPYL9 can(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato strain DC3000 not only causes bacterial speck disease in Solanum lycopersicum but also on Brassica species, as well as on Arabidopsis thaliana, a genetically tractable host plant(1,2). The accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cotyledons inoculated with DC3000 indicates a role of ROS in modulating necrotic cell(More)
Extensive data have shown that exercise training can provide cardio-protection against pathological cardiac hypertrophy. However, how long the heart can retain cardio-protective phenotype after the cessation of exercise is currently unknown. In this study, we investigated the time course of the loss of cardio-protection after cessation of exercise and the(More)
Plants have evolved elaborate mechanisms to perceive and integrate signals from various environmental conditions. On leaf surface, stomata formed by pairs of guard cells mediate gas exchange, water transpiration as well as function in response to abiotic and biotic stresses. Stomatal closure could be induced by drought, salt, pathogen and other adverse(More)
Amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) is the first key enzyme of artemisinin biosynthetic pathway in Artemisia annua L. In this study, the promoter region of the ADS gene has been cloned and used to demonstrate the expression of GUS reporter gene in both glandular trichomes of A. annua and non-glandular trichomes of Arabidopsis thaliana following homologous and(More)
Based on geographic information system (GIS) and geostatistical analysis, this paper studied the spatial structure of Aphis gossipii Glover population in Xiangshan District of Zhongwei City, Ningxia Province, with the spatial distribution of the population simulated by ordinary Kriging interpretation. The spatial structure of A. gossipii population varied(More)
The common assumption for most existingsoftware reliability growth models is that fault is independent and can be removed perfectly upon detection. However, it is often not true due to various factors including software complexity, programmer proficiency, organization hierarchy, etc. In this paper, we develop a software reliability model with considerations(More)
Based on geographic information system and geostatistics, the spatial structure of Therioaphis trifolii population of different periods in Yuanzhou district of Guyuan City, the southern Ningxia Province, was analyzed. The spatial distribution of Therioaphis trifolii population was also simulated by ordinary Kriging interpretation. The results showed that(More)