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We conducted a cross-sectional study to evaluate the interrelationships between past arsenic exposure, biomarkers specific for susceptibility to arsenic exposure, and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in 959 subjects from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study in Bangladesh. We measured cIMT levels on average 7.2 years after baseline during(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between arsenic exposure and mortality from cardiovascular disease and to assess whether cigarette smoking influences the association. DESIGN Prospective cohort study with arsenic exposure measured in drinking water from wells and urine. SETTING General population in Araihazar, Bangladesh. PARTICIPANTS 11,746 men(More)
Short-lived TCR microclusters and a longer-lived protein kinase Ctheta-focusing central supramolecular activation cluster (cSMAC) have been defined in model immunological synapses (IS). In different model systems, CD28-mediated costimulatory interactions have been detected in microclusters, the cSMAC, or segregated from the TCR forming multiple distinct(More)
The relationship between intermembrane spacing, adhesion efficiency, and lateral organization of adhesion receptors has not been established for any adhesion system. We have utilized the CD2 ligand CD48 with two (wild type CD48 (CD48-WT)), four (CD48-CD2), or five (CD48-CD22) Ig-like domains. CD48-WT was 10-fold more efficient in mediating adhesion than(More)
BACKGROUND Few prospective studies have evaluated the influence of arsenic methylation capacity on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the association of arsenic exposure from drinking water and arsenic methylation capacity with CVD risk. METHOD We conducted a case-cohort study of 369 incident fatal and nonfatal cases of CVD,(More)
In an 8-year review of ectopic pregnancy (EP) rates in donor egg recipients and standard patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) at a large university-based program, we report an EP rate of 0.6% in donor egg recipients and 0.9% in standard IVF patients, a difference that is not statistically significant. Donor egg recipients were(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our study was to compare the incidence of motor vehicle accidents (MVA), attempted or completed suicides, and injuries inflicted by others between individuals with and without epilepsy. METHODS Individuals with and without epilepsy were identified using linked administrative databases between 1996 and 2003 in a Canadian health(More)
A promising strategy for cancer immunotherapy is to disrupt key pathways regulating immune tolerance, such as cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4). However, the determinants of response to anti-CTLA-4 mAb treatment remain incompletely understood. In murine models, anti-CTLA-4 mAbs alone fail to induce effective immune responses to poorly(More)
The authors conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the relation between arsenic exposure from drinking water and plasma levels of markers of systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction (matrix metalloproteinase-9, myeloperoxidase, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, soluble E-selectin, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and(More)
The binding of costimulatory ligand CD80 to CD28 or CTLA-4 on T cells plays an important role in the regulation of the T cell response. We have examined the role of the cytoplasmic domain of CD80 in murine T cell costimulation and its organization in the immunological synapse (IS). Removal of CD80 cytoplasmic tail decreased its effectiveness in(More)