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Mammals detect and discriminate numerous odors via a large family of G protein-coupled odorant receptors (ORs). However, little is known about the molecular and structural basis underlying OR response properties. Using site-directed mutagenesis and computational modeling, we studied ORs sharing high sequence homology but with different response properties.(More)
Fly ash from municipal solid waste (MSW), medical waste (MW) and electrical power plant (EPP) incinerators were analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). The study showed that the PCDD/F levels in fly ash were EPP<MSW<MW. The homologue profiles of PCDD/Fs in fly ash produced from waste incinerators were similar. However,(More)
The levels and homologue profile of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) from stack gas of three typical fluidized bed incinerators co-firing municipal solid waste (MSW) with Chinese coal were measured. The PCDD/Fs emission was in the range of 0.0054-0.1961 ng I-TEQ/N m(3). Comparison of PCDD/Fs detection results by HRGC/HRMS and(More)
Odorant receptor (OR) genes and proteins represent more than 2% of our genome and 4% of our proteome and constitute the largest subgroup of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The mechanism underlying OR activation remains poorly understood, as they do not share some of the highly conserved motifs critical for activation of non-olfactory GPCRs. By(More)
The potential of mechanochemical treatment (MC) to degrade PCDD/Fs contained in fly ash was tested via grounding with and without calcium oxide (CaO) under atmospheric pressure. Three types of fly ash collected from medical waste incineration were compared, originating either from rotary kiln fluidized bed multi-stage incinerator using activated carbon(More)
The mammalian olfactory system uses a large family of odorant receptors (ORs) to detect and discriminate amongst a myriad of volatile odor molecules. Understanding odor coding requires comprehensive mapping between ORs and corresponding odors. We developed a means of high-throughput in vivo identification of OR repertoires responding to odorants using(More)
The concentrations of 17PCDD/F congeners as well as tetra- to octa-homologues were determined in 33 soil samples collected within a radius of 7 km from a municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration plant that is equipped with three fluidized bed incinerators (FBIs) of co-firing MSW with coal in Hangzhou, China. The total PCDD/F concentrations ranged from 0.39(More)
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