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BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in developing countries. However, no national survey of chronic kidney disease has been done incorporating both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria in a developing country with the economic diversity of China. We aimed to measure the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) has become a worldwide public health problem, but little information is available about the disease burden in China. We aimed to evaluate the burden of AKI and assess the availability of diagnosis and treatment in China. METHODS We launched a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of adult patients who were admitted to(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to explore the impacts of individual and environmental socioeconomic status (SES) on the outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in regions with significant SES disparity, through a retrospective multicenter cohort in China. METHODS Overall, 2,171 incident patients from seven PD centers were included. Individual SES was evaluated from(More)
INTRODUCTION Although previous studies have suggested associations between serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in the general population, these associations are still uncharacterized in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS In total, 837 prevalent PD patients from 5 centers in China were(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of hypothermia on 96 hr neurological outcome and survival by quantitatively characterizing early postresuscitation EEG in a rat model of cardiac arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS In twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats, cardiac arrest was induced through high frequency transesophageal cardiac pacing. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(More)
The 2003 International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) system for classifying patients with lupus nephritis was based on glomerular lesions exclusively, despite the fact that lupus nephritis affects all compartments of the kidney. Hence, we analyzed the tubulointerstitial lesions in patients with lupus nephritis within the different(More)
The 2003 International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) pathological classification system of lupus nephritis specified the importance of vascular damage and indicated this should be included in the diagnostic summary. Few pathological studies of lupus nephritis, however, focus on the patterns of renal vascular involvement. Here we(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether transoesophageal cardiac pacing can induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) and how long the cardiac pacing has to be sustained to prevent the reversion of the VF induced. METHODS A pacing electrode was inserted orally into the oesophagus and high-frequency ventricular pacing was performed so as to elicit VF in 25(More)
The clinical and experimental postcardiac arrest treatment has not reached therapeutic success. The present study investigated the effect of PD98059 (PD) in rats subjected to cardiac arrest (CA)/cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Experimental rats were divided randomly into 3 groups: sham, CA, and PD. The rats except for sham group were subjected to CA(More)
Two disadvantages of electrical induction of cardiac arrest used currently are that it is a technically complicated procedure and the consequent thermal injury, which prompts us to search for a simpler method with less adverse effect to induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) in rats. Different potential (18, 24, 30, and 36 V) of alternating current (AC) were(More)