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The three currently available male contraceptive approaches are 1) the barrier method such as the condom, 2) hormonal methods by disrupting the pituitary-testicular axis so as to impair spermatogenesis, and 3) immunological methods by preparing vaccines against male-specific antigens. We hereby describe an alternative approach in which attachments of(More)
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD(EX)), an antioxidant enzyme, was found to be present in the testis at a relatively high concentration versus other organs. In a more detailed survey of several rat tissues and cells by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, it was shown that germ cells expressed approximately one-third that of Sertoli cells,(More)
Using primer sets specific for mouse N-cadherin and rat testicular RNA for RT-PCR, a full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) coding for rat testicular N-cadherin was isolated. The deduced amino acid sequence of rat N-cadherin yielded a 883-amino acid polypeptide that displayed a 98.6% identity with the mouse homolog. N-Cadherin was found to be expressed by(More)
The changes in glutathione-independent prostaglandin D2 synthetase (PGD-S) during maturation in the rat were determined in selected organs by an RIA using PGD-S purified from rat cerebrospinal fluid and a monospecific anti-rat PGD-S polyclonal antibody. In a survey of its tissue distribution in various organ extracts and biological fluids, it was found that(More)
To examine whether proteases are possibly involved in cellular migration and/or spermiation when developing germ cells translocate across the seminiferous epithelium during spermatogenesis, in situ hybridization was used to localize messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts of cathepsin L, D, and S in the epithelium at different stages of the spermatogenic cycle in(More)
When Sertoli cells were cultured in vitro on Matrigel-coated bicameral units, the assembly of the inter-Sertoli tight junction (TJ) permeability barrier correlated with an induction of occludin expression. Inclusion of a 22-amino acid peptide, NH(2)-GSQIYTICSQFYTPGGTGLYVD-COOH, corresponding to residues 209-230 in the second extracellular loop of rat(More)
Earlier studies have shown that 1-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carbohydrazide (AF-2364) is a potential male contraceptive when administered orally to adult Sprague-Dawley rats. This compound induces reversible germ cell loss from the seminiferous epithelium by disrupting cell adhesion function between Sertoli and germ cells, in particular,(More)
In the seminiferous epithelium, germ cell development behind the blood-testis barrier involves continual degradation and renewal of inter-testicular cell junctions. This allows: (i) the translocation of developing germ cells from the basal lamina to the adluminal compartment during spermatogenesis, and (ii) the eventual release of mature spermatids into the(More)
Using multiple HPLC steps, we have identified and purified a 68-kDa polypeptide (as estimated by gel permeation HPLC) to apparent homogeneity, from primary Sertoli cell-enriched culture medium, that consisted of two monomers of 35 (alpha chain) and 33 kDa (ss chain) on SDS-polyacrylamide gel running under reducing conditions. Partial N-terminal amino acid(More)
Using lectin blots in conjunction with peptide mapping, alpha 2-macroglobulin micropurified from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients was shown to become abnormally glycosylated suggesting the occurrence of complex glycosylation in this pathological condition. To confirm there is indeed a quantitative increase in specific monosaccharides in this(More)